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Current Affairs in English Medium: 26th May, 2020 || UPSC, TNPSC, SSC, RRB & IBPS

Former Supreme Court Justice A K Sikri inaugurates Indian Dispute Resolution Centre
Former Supreme Court Judge Justice AK Sikri, who is International Judge, Singapore International Commercial Court e-inaugurated Indian Dispute Resolution Centre (IDRC)

Uttarakhand becomes the 1st state to release report on conservation of endemic, threatened floras
Uttarakhand has become the first state to release a unique report highlighting its conservation efforts to save over 1,100 rare plants from extinction. Herbs like ‘Ashwagandha’, ‘Giloy’, ‘Kalmegh’ and ‘Chitrak’, which are presently part of scientists'' research to find a possible cure to coronavirus, are included in this conservation programme executed by whistleblower forest service officer Sanjiv Chaturvedi. As many as 1,145 plant species have been conserved out of which 46 species are endemic to Uttarakhand and 68 species are rare, endangered or threatened, under red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) or under state biodiversity board, under this project by the research wing of the state forest department.

India sets up military war game centre called ‘INDIA’ for Ugandan Defence forces in Jinja
Indian Association in Uganda, with help of the Indian Military training team, set up a military war game centre in Jinja district. On Sunday, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni inaugurated the war game centre conceptualised by Indian military team for Uganda Peoples Defence Forces (UPDF). While commissioning the wargame centre at the Uganda Senior Command and Staff College in Kimaka in Jinja District, the the President said, "This centre is also a great gesture of the wider cooperation and support we enjoy with the government and the people of India."

WHO and IOC team up to improve health through sport amidst COVID-19 Pandemic
WHO and IOC have teamed up to fight the battle against Covid-19. The virus particularly affects people with Diabetes, heart and lung disease so the idea is to create awareness about how sport and physical activity can be a major factor in promoting good health. ‘WHO works not only to respond to disease but also to help people live their healthiest lives and this partnership will aim to do exactly that. Physical activity is one of the keys to good health and well-being’, said Dr Tedros, WHO Director-General.

US Navy successfully tests 1st solid state laser weapon system to destroy aircraft mid-flight
A US Navy warship has successfully tested a new high-energy laser weapon that can destroy aircraft mid-flight, the Navy’s Pacific Fleet has announced. Images and videos provided by the Navy show the amphibious transport dock ship USS Portland executing “the first system-level implementation of a high-energy class solid-state laser” to disable an aerial drone aircraft, the Navy said in a statement. It did not give a specific location of the laser weapons system demonstrator (LWSD) test, saying only that it occurred in the Pacific on May 16.

DRDO’s RCI develops ‘AINA’ AI-based Attendance Application
The Research Centre Imarat (RCI), DRDO has successfully developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) based Attendance Application (AINA), which allows non-contact based personnel verification using facial features of a person captured with the help of a low cost camera. According to an official release, with the Covid-19 pandemic making it unsafe to use contact based biometric verification for attendance marking systems, the RCI had developed AINA to circumvent this problem.

Indian Navy made breathable PPE kit “NavRakshak”
The Indian Navy''s indigenously-made PPE kit, ''NavRakshak'', made for enhancing comforts of the health workers under Indian conditions, is helping fight the war against Covid-19 in a better and effective manner, officials said. It was made by a doctor who can understand the agony of his fraternity wearing a multi-layered coverall PPE while treating patients for upto 12 hours in hot and humid conditions. The ''NavRakshak'' with an innovative ''breathable'' fabric material, has brought new hopes to the medical world and healthcare professionals from whose perspective it has been designed.

Scientists at BSI discover 3 new plant species in Western Ghats
A team of scientists of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have reported the discovery of three new plant species from the evergreen forest patches of the southern end of the Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Mizoram becomes the 1st state to give industry status to sports
The northeastern state of Mizoram has accorded 'industry' status to sports. On Friday, the Cabinet cleared the Sports and Youth Service department's proposal to recognise sports as an 'industry' in the state.

India Post & Bihar’s Horticulture dept. partnered to supply ”Shahi Litchi” &  “Zardalu Mango” to the people at doorstep
In the partnership with the government of Bihar, India Post will be delivering Shahi Litchi of Muzaffarpur and Zardalu Mango of Bhagalpur till the doorsteps for people in three cities of Bihar. The Bihar Postal Circle and the Department of Horticulture, Government of Bihar, have signed an agreement for logistics of Shahi Litchi from Muzaffarpur and Zardalu Mango from Bhagalpur. The ‘Shahi Litchi’ of Muzaffarpur and ‘Zardalu Mango’ of Bhagalpur are famous varieties of fruits. "This facility will be initially available to people of Muzaffarpur & Patna for ‘Shahi Litchi’ & Patna & Bhagalpur for ‘Zardalu Mango’. Lichi will be booked minimum for 2 kilogram and mangoes for 5 kgs.

Nitin Gadkari inaugurates 440 metre-long tunnel under Chardham Pariyojana in Chamba
Union Minister for Road Transport Nitin Gadkari today inaugurated the 440 metre-long tunnel, constructed below the busy town of Chamba as part of the Chardham Connectivity Project. Addressing the Border Road Organization (BRO) officials through video conferencing, Mr. Gadkari said, the tunnel will significantly reduce the time taken by travellers on the Rishikesh-Dharasu and Gangotri stretch of the Chardham Highway. He said, it will also avoid congestion in the city of Chamba and open up avenues of socio-economic development in the region.

EAM S Jaishankar holds detailed review meeting of Vande Bharat Mission
External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar today held a detailed review meeting of Vande Bharat Mission (VBM). The meet focused  on to ramp up its scale and enhance its efficiency. In a series of tweets, Dr Jaishankar said, the meeting discussed further expanding Phase two of VBM which is currently underway.

PM Modi says India-UAE cooperation has grown even stronger during COVID-19 challenge
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had a telephonic conversation with Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan yesterday and conveyed greetings on Eid-ul-Fitr to the Government and people of the UAE. During the conversation, both leaders expressed satisfaction about the effective cooperation between the two countries during the COVID-19 pandemic situation

Domestic production capacity of PPEs and N95 masks increases significantly
Health Ministry said that India has significantly ramped up its domestic production capacity related to Personal Protective Equipment, PPEs and N95 masks and the requirements of the States and Union Territories are being sufficiently met. The country is producing more than three lakh PPEs and N95 masks per day. States and Union Territories as well as Central Institutions have been provided with around 111 lakh N-95 masks and 74.48 lakh PPEs.

World Thyroid Day 2020, May 25
As India observes the World Thyroid Day on May 25 year after year, thyroid patients across the world need that extra care and attention in view of the Covid pandemic turning worse by the day. Let it not be forgotten that thyroid illnesses are not only on the rise but also affect an individual’s mood and body functions on a daily basis. Therefore, on World Thyroid Day 2020, it becomes necessary to understand the issues related to thyroid and what can be done to tackle it. In Leipzig, Germany in 2007, a decision was made to celebrate every 25th day of May as the World Thyroid Day. According to a study by Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, nearly 42 Million people in India suffer from thyroid related problems. The study authored by Ambika Gopalakrishnan Unnikrishnan and Usha V. Menon was commissioned by the US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health.

International Missing Children’s Day 2020: May 25
International Missing Children’s Day is an awareness event that is observed every year on 25th May. The aims of the day are to place a spotlight on the issue of child abduction, educate parents on safeguarding measures to protect their children and also honour those who have never been found and celebrate those who have. Missing Children’s Day began as an observance in the USA in 1983. The date was chosen following the disappearance of 6-year-old Etan Patz on 25th May 1979 from New York City. International Missing Children’s Day which observes the same date was launched a number of years later in 2001 and is now observed all over the world.

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