Communication and Transport in India - Important Events and History

Communication and Transport in India - Important Events and History

Postal Service in India
  • First Postal Service was started in - 1837
  • First All-India Postal Stamp was issued - 1854
  • First Postal Department was opened - 1854
  • First Money Order was started in - 1880
  • First Air-Mail Service was first operated
  • at Allahabad & Nainital - 1911
  • Total No.of Postal Zones - 8
  • PINCODE was started in the year - 1972
  • First Postal ATM was opened in which city? Answer: Chennai
Pincode Zones and Their Jurisdiction
  • Zone No.1 Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir
  • Zone No.2 Uttar Pradesh
  • Zone No.3 Rajasthan, Gujarat, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli
  • Zone No.4 Maharashtra, Goa & Madhya Pradesh
  • Zone No.5 Andra Pradesh and Karnataka
  • Zone No.6 Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Lakshadweep
  • Zone No.7 West Bengal, Orissa, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland,
  • Tripura and Andaman & Nicobar Islands
  • Zone No.8 Bihar
Telecommunication in India
  • First Telephone line was started - 1851 between Kolkata and Diamond Harbour
  • First Telephone service was started - 1881 at Kolkata
  • First Telephone exchange was opened - 1881 at Kolkata with 50 lines
  • First International Telephone line was - 1870 started between Mumbai and London
  • First Automatic Telephone exchange in - 1913 Simla was opened at
  • Post and Telecommunication started - 1984
  • Total Post Offices (2000) - 1,55,000
  • Quick Mail Service was started in - 1975
  • Speed Post was started in - 1986
  • E-Post was started in - 2002
Indian Railways
  • On April 16, 1853, first train in India was opened between Bombay and Thana covering a distance of 34 km.
  • Deccan Queen is the first Electric train introduced in 1929. 
  • Life Line Express or Jeevan Rekha is the world’s first hospital on wheels opened in Mumbai
  • on 16th July 1991 to cater the medical needs of people in rural areas
Rail Tracks Measurement
  • Metre Gauge 1.00 metre
  • Broad Gauge 1.69 metre
  • Narrow Gauge 0.77 metres
Railway Zones
  1. Central Railway Nov. 05, 1958 Mumbai
  2. Eastern Railway Aug. 01, 1955 Kolkata
  3. Northern Railway April 14, 1952, New Delhi
  4. North-Eastern Railway April 14, 1952, Gorakhpur
  5. North-East Frontier Jan. 15, 1958 Maligaon, Guwahati
  6. Southern Railway April 14, 1951, Chennai
  7. South-Central Oct. 02, 1966 Secunderabad
  8. South-Eastern Aug. 01, 1955 Kolkata
  9. Western Railway Nov. 05, 1955 Mumbai(Church Gate)
  10. East-Coast Railway Aug. 08, 1996 Bhubaneshwar
  11. North-Central Railway Aug. 28, 1996, Allahabad
  12. East-Central Railway Sep. 08, 1996 Hajipur
  13. North-Western Railway Oct. 10, 1996, Jaipur
  14. South-Western RailwayNov. 01, 1996 Bangalore
  15. West-Central Railway Dec. 12, 1996, Jabalpur
  16. South-East Central Rly. Sep. 09, 1998 Bilaspur
Railway Manufacturing Units :
  • 1950 Chittaranjan Locomotive Works - Chittaranjan - (Locomotives  )
  • 1955 Integral Coach Factory - Perambur (Coaches)
  • 1964 Diesel Locomotive Works - Varanasi (Locomotives)
  • 1983 Wheel & Axle Plant Diesel Component Works  Yelahanka and Patiala (Wheels & axes
  •  Components of diesel engines)
  • 1988 Rail Coach Factory - Kapurthala (Coaches, waggons & spl.
  • containers
  • The International Airport Authority of India (IAAI) was set up in 1972
  • Tata was the first to make a solo flight from Mumbai to Karachi, (Now in Pakistan) in 1931

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