6th Standard History Important Short Notes for TNPSC / UPSC Exams: Download as PDF

Unit-1  What is History?
History:  History is the study of past events in chronological order.The term history has been derived from the Greek word “Istoria” which means ‘learning by enquiry’.

Sources Of History:

1.Archaeological Sources:
  • Artifact: Potteries, toys, tools, ornaments
  • Inscriptions: Rock edicts, temple walls inscriptions, metal pillars
  • Coins
  • Monuments: Palaces, fort, temples, stupa, monastery
2.Literacy Sources:

A. Secular Literature: Epics and poems, Account by foreign travelers, Works by Indian Authors, Folk songs and Ballads

B. Religious Literature:
  1. Epics: Ramayana,  Mahabharatha etc
  2. Devotional literature : Deveram, Thiruvasagam etc
Rock paintings: In ancient period, the people lived in caves, used to draw paintings in rocks called Rock Painting. They might have wished to record their activities through these paintings.

Numismatics :  The study of Coins.

Epigraphy: The study of inscription.

Dhamma : ‘Dhamma' is the prakrit word for the sanskrit term 'dharma', which means religious duty.

How to understand the life styles of pre historic people?
The life styles of pre historic people can be understood from the stone tools, rock paintings, fossils and other excavated materials. Early humans domesticated dogs for their protection and hunting activities.

Proto history: It is the period between pre-history and history.

Sources : A source may be  a place, person, text or object from which some data can be obtained.

Monument : A monument may be  a statue, building or other structure built by a notable person.

Inscription: It is a written records engraved on stones, pillars, clay or copper tablets, caves and walls of temples.

Short Notes On Emperor Ashoka:
  • Emperor Ashoka was the most famous ruler of ancient India. 
  • Ashoka gave up war after seeing many people grieving death after the Kalinga war.
  • During his period, Buddhism spread to different parts of Asia.He embraced Buddhism and then devoted his life to spread the message of peace and dharma.
  • His service for the cause of public good was exemplary.
  • He was the first ruler to give up war after victory. 
  • He was the first to build hospitals for animals.
  • He was the first to lay roads. 
  • Dharma Chakra with 24 spokes in our national flag was taken from the Saranath Pillar of Ashoka.
  • Even though Emperor Ashoka was great, his greatness had been unknown until 20th century.
  • The material evidence provided by William Jones, James Prinsep and Alexander Cunningham revealed the greatness of Emperor Ashoka.
  • Based on these accounts, Charles Allen wrote a book titled The Search for the India’s Lost Emperor, which provided a comprehensive account of Ashoka.
  • Many researches made thereafter brought Ashoka’s glorious rule to light.
  • These inscriptions were observed on the rocks, Sanchi Stupa and Saranath Pillar and helped to understand the greatness of Ashoka to the world.

Related Posts

Post a Comment


General Knowledge 902 General Studies 719 Central Govt. Job 309 General Tamil 177 Mock Test 133 PAPER - I 120 Civics 101 Indian Constitutions 91 Library Science Quiz 80 Anna University Jobs 72 Library and Information Science Paper II 71 Librarian Jobs 70 Computer Science Quiz 64 History Quiz 59 General English 56 NEET 2017 Model Questions 53 Geography 45 Library and Information Science 35 Computer Science 34 Computer Science PAPER - III 32 History Paper II 32 6th Tamil 30 Computer Science PAPER - II 22 Library and Information Science Paper III 19 PAPER - II 18 10th Science 17 General Science Mock Test 17 Life Science Quiz 17 6th Standard Science 16 9th Science 14 Nobel Awards 14 CBSC NET 13 History Mock Test 13 PAPER - III 13 Medical Physicist 12 Economics Paper II 10 8th Science 9 7th Tamil 8 Commerce Paper-2 8 Economics Paper III 8 History Paper III 8 NCERT Text Book 8 General Tamil Quiz 7 Home Science Paper II 7 Labour Welfare Paper III 7 8th Tamil 6 Anthropology Paper II 6 Anthropology Paper III 6 Arab Culture and Islamic Studies Paper II 6 Arab Culture and Islamic Studies Paper III 6 Archaeology Paper II 6 Archaeology Paper III 6 Comparative Literature Paper II 6 Comparative Literature Paper III 6 Comparative Study of Religions Paper II 6 Comparative Study of Religions Paper III 6 Criminology Paper II 6 Criminology Paper III 6 Education Paper - II 6 Education Paper - III 6 English Paper - II 6 English Paper - III 6 Environmental Sciences Paper - II 6 Environmental Sciences Paper - III 6 Forensic Science Paper II 6 Forensic Science Paper III 6 Geography Paper II 6 Geography Paper III 6 Home Science Paper III 6 Human Rights and Duties Paper II 6 Human Rights and Duties Paper III 6 Indian Culture Paper - II 6 Indian Culture Paper - III 6 International and Area Studies Paper II 6 International and Area Studies Paper III 6 Labour Welfare Paper II 6 Law Paper - II 6 Law Paper - III 6 Management Paper - II 6 Management Paper - III 6 Mass Communication Paper II 6 Mass Communication Paper III 6 Museology and Conservation Paper II 6 Museology and Conservation Paper III 6 Music Paper II 6 Music Paper III 6 Performing Arts Paper II 6 Performing Arts Paper III 6 Philosophy Paper II 6 Philosophy Paper III 6 Physical Education Paper - II 6 Physical Education Paper - III 6 10th Tamil 5 Commerce Paper-3 5 Folk Literature Paper II 5 Folk Literature Paper III 5 Geography Mock Test 5 Linguistics Paper II 5 Linguistics Paper III 5 7th Science 4 9th Tamil 4 Chemistry 4 Geography Quiz 4 11th Tamil 3 6th Standard History 3 7th Tamil Mock Test 3 9th standard Tamil Quiz 3 CSIR-NET - Chemistry 3 Computer Science Video 2 Mathematics Paper II 2 CSIR-NET - Physics 1 Civil Engineer Mock Test 1 Computer Science Paper II 1 General Knowledge Mock Test 1 Geology 1 Interview Questions 1 January Current Affairs - 2016 1 LIS Questions 1 Library Science Paper II 1 Life Science 1 Life Science Paper II 1 Mathematics Quiz 1
Subscribe Our Posting