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Updated NTA UGC NET Syllabus for Criminology Paper II




Updated NTA UGC NET Syllabus for Criminology



Unit – I





UGC NET Criminology: Definition and Scope, Criminology and other Social Sciences; Legal, Social and Psychological Aspects of Crime; Traditional Crimes – Crimes against Property and Person;





Modern Crimes: Organized Crimes, Socio – Economic Crimes, Corruption, Cyber Crimes, Environmental Crimes, Terrorism and Insurgency; Crime and Politics.





Unit – II





Criminological thought in Ancient India and Abroad; Classical School and Neoclassical School; Positive School; Cartographic School; Sociological Theories – Social Structural Theories and Social Process Theories; Economic Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology / Radical Criminology / Labelling perspective.





Unit – III





Constitutional Theories: Body Types, Hereditary Traits, Endocrine Glands; Behaviourist Theories : Drives, Motives, Attitudes, Frustrations; Psycho-analytical Theories; Psychopathic Personality; Mental Health and Criminal Liability; Application of Psychology in Police, Courts and Corrections.





Unit – IV





Criminological Research: Importance and Types; Research Questions and Hypotheses; Research Design; Sampling, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Interpretation and Report Writing; Statistical Application in Criminological Research; Sources of Crime Statistics in India and Crime Trends. 





Unit – V





Social Change, Social Disorganization and Social Problems; Victimless Crimes : Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, Beggary, Commercial Sex, Suicide; Family centred Crimes : Dowry, Domestic Violence, Child Abuse; Community Problems : Inter – religion and Inter – caste tensions and conflicts.





Unit – VI





Juvenile Delinquency: Concept and Causes; Pre – delinquency stages : Truancy and Vagrancy; U.N. Standard Minimum Rules for Juvenile Justice ( Beijing Rules ); Main Features of Juvenile Justice Act; Institutional Services : Observation Homes, Juvenile Homes, Special Homes, and ‘fit’ Institutions; Juvenile Aftercare Services.





Unit – VII





History and Theories of Punishment: Historical Development from Punishment to Correction and Reformation, Prison Reform since Independence; Types of Punishment – Simple and rigorous imprisonment – Capital Punishment – Views of Abolitionists and Retentionists; Current problems and challenges in Prison Administration; Indeterminate and Determinate sentence.





Unit – VIII





Prison System in India; Correctional Programs in Jails; Aftercare Services for Adult and Juvenile Offenders; Probation, Parole – Concept and Historical Development, Probation under Different Laws. 





Unit – IX





Legal Approaches: Accustorical and Inquisitorial; Substantive and Procedural Laws – Criminal Liability, Strict Liability; Indian Penal Code – General Exceptions, Offences Against Property; Criminal Procedure Code ; Cognizable and Non – Cognizable offences, Bailable and Non – bailable, Compoundable and Non – compoundable offences; Investigation of Crimes; Complaint, F.I.R., Powers of Police Officers, Arrest, Search, Seizure, Police Custody, Judicial Remand and Bail; Types of Evidence, Admissibility of Confession, Dying declaration; Rights of accused, Rights of victims, Rights of women in custody, Rights of prisoners.





Unit – X





Victimology: Concept, Origin and Development, Need to Study Victims, Victim Typology, Role of Victim in Criminal Phenomenon – Victim Precipitation; U.N. Declaration on the Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power; Victim’s Rights – Fair Access to Justice, Restitution, Compensation, and Assistance; Victim Compensation Schemes in India; Human Rights – Protection of Human Rights Act.


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