Indian Constitution - Important Question and Answer

1. Who among the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly established in July 1946?
(a) K.M. Munshi
(b) J.B. Kripalani
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Vallabhbhai Patel

2. What is the special Constitutional position of Jammu and Kashmir ?
(a) Indian laws are not applicable.
(b) It is above Indian Constitution.
(c) It is not of the integral parts of Indian Union.
(d) It has its own Constitution

3. Judicial Review signifies that the Supreme Court
(a) Can impeach the President
(b) Can declare a state law as unconstitutional
(C) Can review cases decided by the High Courts.
(d) Has final authority over all cases

4. Which one of the following comes under the jurisdiction of both the High Court and the Supreme Court ?
(a) Disputes between the States inter se
(b) Protection against the violation of the Constitution
(c) Protection of the Fundamental Rights
(d) Disputes between the Centre and the States

5. Cognizable offence refers to an offence where
(a) Arrests can be made without warrant
(b) Police can register a case without formal complaints
(c) Arrests can be made with warrant
(d) It is under the jurisdiction of a court

6. Under the writ of Mandamus, the Court can
(a) Ask the person to be produced
(b) Order to transfer the case from one court
(c) Ask to let a person free for a temporary period
(d) Direct the Government to do or not to do a thing

7. Which of the following writs is a bulwark of personal freedom ?
(a) Certiorari
(b) Habeas Corpus
(c) Mandamus
(d) Quo Warranto

8. The High Courts at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay, were established under the Indian High Courts Act of
(a) 1909
(b) 1911
(c) 1861
(d) 1865

9. Appointment of officers and servants of a High Court are made by the
(a) None of these
(b) Chief Justice of the High Court
(c) President
(d) Governor

10. Salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court are drawn from the
(a) Grants-in-aid
(b) Public Accounts
(c) Contingency Fund
(d) Consolidated Fund

11. Which of the following High Courts covers more than one State/ Union Territories ?
(a) Allahabad
(b) None of these
(c) Guwahati
(d) Delhi

12. Which of the following writs may be issued to enforce a Fundamental Right ?
(a) Certiorari
(b) Habeas Corpus
(c) Mandamus
(d) Prohibition

13. The total number of High Courts in India at present is
(a) 15
(b) 21
(c) 16
(d) 18

14. The Judges of the Supreme Court can be removed from office by the
(a) President on request of Parliament
(b) Chief Justice of India
(c) President
(d) Prime Minister

15. The authority competent to suspend the operation of Fundamental Rights guaranteed under the Constitution of India is
(a) Supreme Court
(b) Prime Minister
(c) Parliament
(d) President

16. Which of the following is an extensive original jurisdiction given by the Constitution of India to the Supreme Court ?
(a) Enforcement of Fundamental Rights
(b) Advising the Chief Executive in legal matters
(c) Hearing revenue cases of appeal
(d) Hearing criminal cases of appeal

17. The High Court of West Bengal (Calcutta) has got the additional jurisdiction to hear cases from
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Mizoram
(c) Tripura
(d) Andaman and Nicobar islands

18. In whom are the powers of Judicial Review vested in India ?
(a) All the courts
(b) Supreme Court and all the High Courts
(c) President
(d) Parliament

19. There is no appeal except on a point of law against the decisions of the
(a) Sub Judges
(b) Small causes courts
(c) Court of Munsifs
(d) High Court

20. The lowest court of revenue is that of a
(a) Naib Tehsildar
(b) Sub-judge
(c) Third class magistrate
(d) Munsif

21. The First Class Magistrates are competent to award sentence of imprisonment upto
(a) 4 years
(b) 2 years
(c) 1 year
(d) 3 years

22. To ensure impartiality, the retired Chief Justice and other Judges of the Supreme Court are debarred from practising law
(a) In any court other than State High Courts
(b) In any Criminal Court
(c) In any court of India
(d) In any court other than the Supreme Court

23. Who is appointed as an adhoc judge of the Supreme Court ?
(a) A sitting judge of a High Court duly qualified for appointment as a Supreme Court Judge
(b) A person fully qualified for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court
(c) A retired judge of Supreme Court
(d) An acting judge of the Supreme Court

24. Which High Court in India, has held that the pronouncement of Talaq thrice in one go is illegal ?
(a) Bombay High Court
(b) None of these
(c) Calcutta High Court
(d) Allahabad High Court

25. The small causes court can hear cases involving a maximum amount of
(a) Rs 5000
(b) Rs 2000
(c) Rs 1000
(d) Rs 500

26. A common High Court for two or more states and Union Territory may be established by
(a) Parliament by Law
(b) Chief Justice of India
(c) President
(d) Governer of the state

27. Which of the following amendments curtailed the power of Judicial review of the Supreme Court and the High Court ?
(a) 24th
(b) 44th
(c) 26th
(d) 42nd

28. Under a single, integrated, hierarchical judicial system, the High Court in the states are directly under the
(a) President
(b) Union Parliament
(c) Governor of the state
(d) Supreme Court

29. A Judge of a Supreme court may resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to the
(a) Chief Justice of India
(b) Senior most judge of the supreme court
(c) Prime Minister
(d) President

30. The Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court dose not involve
(a) Criminal Cases
(b) Cases involving interpretation of the Constitution
(c) Civil Cases
(d) Disputes arising out of pre-Constitution treaties and agreements

31. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President
(a) In consulation with the Judges of the supreme court and the High Court
(b) Alone
(c) In consulation with the Governor
(d) In consulation with the Judges of the supreme court alone

32. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India in
(a) July, 1947
(b) August, 1947
(c) July, 1948
(d) July, 1950

33. The Constitution of India was enacted by a Constituent Assembly set up
(a) Through a resolution of the provisional government
(b) By the Indian National Congress
(c) Under the Indian Independence Act, 1947
(d) Under the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946

34. A bill in the imperial Legislative Council for compulsory and free primary education was introduced by
(a) Mohammad Shafi
(b) Feroz Shah Mehta
(c) G.K. Gokhale
(d) Shankaran Nair

35. Who among the folowing was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constution
(a) Rajendra Prasad
(b) C. Rajagopalachari
(c) Tej Bahadur Sapru
(d) B.R. Ambedkar

36. The Constituent Assembly which framed the Constitution for Independent India was set up in
(a) 1947
(b) 1949
(c) 1945
(d) 1946

37. Which Amendment Act conferred on the Supreme Court the jurisdiction to transfer cases from one High Court to another ?
(a) 43rd
(b) 45th
(c) 42nd
(d) 39th

38. The Supreme Court originally consisted of how many other judges besides the Chief Justice ?
(a) 6
(b) 12
(c) 14
(d) 7

39. On whose recommendation was the Constituent Assembly formed ?
(a) Cabinet Mission Plan
(b) Govt. of India Act, 1935
(c) Mountbatten Plan
(d) Cripp's Mission

40. Which of the following Acts gave representation to the Indians for the first time in legislation ?
(a) Indian Councils Act, 1919
(b) Govt. of India Act, 1935
(c) Indian Councils Act, 1909
(d) Govt of India Act, 1919

41. Which of the following was adopted from the Maurya dynasty in the emblem of Government of India ?
(a) Horse
(b) Words Satyameva Jayate
(c) Four lions
(d) Chariot Wheel

42. Who presided over the inaugural meeting of the Constituent Asembly of India ?
(a) Sachchidananda Sinha
(b) P. Upendra
(c) B.R. Ambedkar
(d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

43. The idea of the Constitution of India was first of all given by
(a) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Shri M.N. Roy
(d) Mahatma Gandhi

44. The Constitution of India was promulgated on January 26, 1950 because
(a) It was an auspicious day.
(b) This day was being celebrated as the Independence Day since 1929.
(c) It was the wish of the farmers of the Constitution.
(d) The British did not want to leave India earlier than this date.

45. The first session of the Constituent Assembly was held in
(a) Bombay
(b) Lahore
(c) Calcutta
(d) New Delhi

46. The members of the Constituent Assembly were
(a) Elected by Provincial Assemblies
(b) Only representatives of the princely states.
(c) Elected directly by people.
(d) Nominated by the government.

47. How long did the Constituent Assembly take to finally pass the Constitution?
(a) About 6 months in 1949
(b) About 2 years since Aug 15, 1947
(c) Exactly a year since Nov 26, 1948
(d) About 3 years since Dec 9, 1946

48. The office of Governor General of India was created by
(a) Government of India Act, 1935
(b) Charter Act, 1833
(c) Charter Act, 1813
(d) Governor of India Act, 1858

49. The Indian Constitution was enforced on
(a) 15th Aug, 1947
(b) 26th Nov, 1949
(c) 26th Jan, 1950
(d) 30th Jan, 1950

50. The Constitution of India was adopted by the
(a) Parliament of India
(b) Constituent Assembly
(c) Governor General
(d) British Parliament

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