Important Questions and Answer of General Studies - Indian Constitution

1. Judicial Review function of the Supreme Court means the power to
(a) Review the functioning of judiciary in the country
(b) Undertake periodic review of the Constitution.
(c) Examine the constitutional validity of the laws
(d) Review its own judgement

2. Besides its permanent seal at Delhi, the Supreme Court can also meet at
(a) Any other Union Territory
(b) Any other place as decided by the Chief Justice of India in consultation with the President
(c) Any other metropolitan city
(d) Any other major city

3. What is meant by a Court of Record?
(a) The court that maintains records of all lower courts.
(b) The court that is competent to give directions and issue writs.
(c) The court that can punish for its contempt.
(d) The court that preserves all its records.

4. Judges of the High Court are appointed by the
(a) Chief Justice of the High Court
(b) President
(c) Governor
(d) Chief Justice of India

5. After retirement, a Judge of a High Court can undertake practice in
(a) Any other court except the same court
(b) Wherever he intends to practice.
(c) The same court
(d) Lower courts only

6.. The Constituent Assembly was created by
(a) Simla Confrence, 1945
(b) Cripps Mission
(c) Indian Independence Act
(d) Cabinet Mission Plan

7. The Constitution names our country as
(a) Bharat
(b) Aryavarta
(c) Hindustan
(d) India, that is Bharat

8. The demand for the Constituent Assembly was put forward by the Indian National Congress in 1936 at its session held at
(a) Kanpur
(b) Lahore
(c) Bombay
(d) Fezpur

9. A constitution is
(a) A set of ordinary laws
(b) A set of financial laws.
(c) A set of official laws
(d) The basic structure defining the powers of the state and the rights and duties of the citizens.

10. The Constituent of India was enacted by a Constituent Assembly set up
(a) By the Indian National Congress
(b) Through a resolution of the provisional government
(c) Under the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946
(d) Under the Indian Independence Act, 1947

11. Who was the first speaker of the Lok Sabha ?
(a) P. Upendra
(b) Hukam Singh
(c) Anantha Sayanam Ayyanagar
(d) Malvankar
Answer: D

12. The state of Bombay was bifurcated into Maharashtra and Gujarat on May 1, in the year
(a) 1959
(b) 1962
(c) 1960
(d) 1958

13. Which of the following is correct regarding the Indian Constitution ?
(a) It is completely based on British Constitution.
(b) It is original
(c) It is made only on the basis of Government of India Act, 1935
(d) It is a mixture of several Constitutions.

14. Which of the following Union Territories attained statehood in February, 1987 ?
(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Daman and Diu
(c) Goa
(d) Pondicherry

15. The 25th Indian state to achieve statehood is
(a) Sikkim
(b) Goa
(c) Arunachal Pradesh
(d) Mizoram

16. Chairman of Constitution Drafting Committee at the time of independence was
(a) Sardar Patel
(b) B.R. Ambedkar
(c) S. Radhakrishnan
(d) J.L. Nehru

17. The Chief Justice and other Judges of the High Court are appointed by the
(a) Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
(b) Chief Minister of the concerned state
(c) Governor of the concerned state
(d) President

18. Which High Court has jurisdiction over the state of Arunachal Pradesh ?
(a) Guwahati
(b) Chandigarh
(c) Bombay
(d) Calcutta

19. When was the Madras state renamed Tamil Nadu ?
(a) 1968
(b) 1971
(c) 1969
(d) 1970

20. In 1938, who among the following definitely formulated his demand for a Constituent Assembly elected on the basis of adult franchise ?
(a) C.R. Das
(b) Subhash Chandra Bose
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

22. When the Constituent Assembly for the Dominion of India reassembled on 31st October, 1947, its reduced membership was
(a) 331
(b) 299
(c) 311
(d) 319

23. The High Courts in India were first started at
(a) Bombay, Delhi, Madras
(b) Madras and Bombay
(c) Bombay, Madras, Calcutta
(d) Delhi and Calcutta

23. For the philosophy underlying our Constitution, the historic Objectives Resolution was moved in the Constituent Assembly on 22nd January, 1947 by
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
(c) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

24. Which of the following writs is issued by the court in case of illegal detention of a person ?
(a) Quo Warranto
(b) Habeas Corpus
(c) Mandamus
(d) Certiorari

25. The demand for a Constitution made by the people of India without outside interference was officially asserted by the National Congress in
(a) 1939
(b) 1942
(c) 1935
(d) 1929

26. The Constituent Assembly for undivided India first met on
(a) 6th December, 1946
(b) 3rd June, 1947
(c) 20th February, 1947
(d) 9th December, 1946

27. Which of the following cases cannot be filed directly in the Supreme Court ?
(a) Cases against encroachment on Fundamental Rights
(b) Both (a) and (b) above.
(c) If one's property is forcefully occupied by the other
(d) Disputes between two or more States

27. Which is not an eligibility criterion for appointment as a Judge of the High Court ?
(a) Must have been an advocate of a High Court for not less than 10 years
(b) Must be, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist.
(c) Must have attained the age of 55 years
(d) Must have been a High Court Judge for at least 5 years

28. Separation of the Judiciary from the Executive is enjoined by
(a) VII Schedule to the Constitution
(b) Judicial decision
(c) Directive Principles
(d) Preamble

29. A Judge of the Supreme Court of India is to hold office until he attains the age of
(a) 58 years
(b) 62 years
(c) 60 years
(d) 65 years

30. The President of India referred the Ayodhya issue to the Supreme Court of India under which Article ?
(a) 143
(b) 132
(c) 138
(d) 136

31. The Cabinet Mission to India was headed by
(a) Stafford Cripps
(b) Hugh Gaitskell
(c) A.V. Alexander
(d) Lord Pethick Lawrence

32. Cripps Mission visited India in
(a) 1927
(b) 1946
(c) 1939
(d) 1942

33. Which of the following rights was described by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as The Heart and soul of the Constitution?
(a) Right to Equality
(b) Right to Constitutional Remedies
(c) Right to Freedom of Religion
(d) Right to Property

34. The age of retirement of the Judges of the High Court is
(a) 62 years
(b) 60 years
(c) 65 years
(d) 58 years

35. Who was the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly ?
(a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(b) C. Rajagopalachari
(c) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

36. When did Mr. Attlee, Prime Minister of England, announce the transfer of power to the Indians ?
(a) February, 1947
(b) June, 1949
(c) August, 1947
(d) June, 1948

37. Who proposed the Preamble before the Drafting Committee of the Constitution ?
(a) B.R. Ambedkar
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) B.N. Rao
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

38. Which amendment lead to the creation of Panchayat Raj ?
(a) 44th amendment
(b) 48th  amendment
(c) 72nd amendment
(d) 73rd amendment 

40. From Which country Indian Constitution Borrowed 'Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the Emergency' ?
(a) America
(b) England
(c) Germany
(d) France

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