TNPSC: 10th Standard Social Science - India and Peace

India and World Peace
India is called by the name of 'A Great Peace Maker'. In 1955 at the Bandung conference Jawaharlal Nehru the Prime Minister of India declared the five principles of peace. It was known as 'Pancha Sheel'

What are the five rules of 'Pancha Sheel'

1. Each country should respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of others.
2. No country should attack any other country
3. No one should try to interfere in the internal affairs of others
4. All Country shall strive for equality and mutual benefit
5. Every country should try to follow the policy of peaceful coexistence.

Dis-Armament and Nuclear Weapons

India is the first nation to bring a resolution in favour of disarmament in 1956. It look a great part in signing Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (NTBT) in 1963.

India is a Great Helper
India is basically against Colonization and want to see all the countries of the world free from the foreign domination.  It played a great role in freeing Indonesia from the domination of Holland. In the same way it has supported the freedom movements started by Egypt, Sudan, Indo-China, Ghana, Morocco and Bangladesh.

Against Military Alliances
The modern countries of world are busy in making military alliances and counter alliances. At present there are many pacts like NATO, SEATO, CENTO, Baghdad and Warshaw etc. But India kept away from such military pacts and also vehemently condemned pacts.

Ending of Apartheid
India was a vital ally of South Africa in its fight against Apartheid. India first raised this issue in the UN General Assembly in 1946 and Continued to provide support to the movement,  bothe directly and indirectly. Due to the struggle led by Dr.Nelson Mandela, Apartheid was abolished in 1990.

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