India - Regional Co-operation
India with SAARC
- India took the initiative to form SAARC to maintain peace in the regional level. (The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation). The member countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Srilanka.
- SAARC first meeting was held at Dacca in Bangladesh on 7th December, 1985. Abul Ahsan of Bangladesh was the first Secretary General of SAARC. O 3rd April 2007 the SAARC annual summit which was held at New Delhi with Afghanistan President Hamid Karzi, Afghanistan became its 8th Member.
- 18th SAARC Summit took place on 26th and 27th November 2014 at Kathmandu the Capital of Nepal
- The 19th SAARC summit is a diplomatic conference, which was originally scheduled to be held in Islamabad, Pakistan on 15–16 November 2016. The summit was to be attended by the leaders of the eight SAARC member states and representatives of observers and guest states. Following the rising diplomatic tensions after the Uri terrorist attack, India announced its boycott of the 19th SAARC Summit, alleging Pakistan's involvement in the same. Later, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Bhutan and Sri Lanka also pulled out of the summit. culminating in an indefinite postponement of the summit.
India with Neighboring Countries:
India and Pakistan
- The Delhi - Lahore bus service was launched on March 16th 1999 to bring the people of the two countries closer
- Negotiations for setting up Iran - Pakistan-India gas pipeline are taking place.
India and China
- When China became republic in 1949, India was the first country to recognize it.
- China has formally declared the will back India's claim for becoming a permanent member of United Nation's Security Council.
India and Srilanka
- Srilanka is a Buddhist Country
- The Mauriyan emperor Ashoka spread Buddhism there by sending his son and daughter.
- The relationship between India and Srilanka is very smooth.
- India always support Srilanka on just and reasonable grounds.
India and Bangladesh
- It is due to the effort and support of Smt.Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, Bangladesh got freedom from Pakistan in 1971.
- In 1972, a 25 years treaty of friendship, Co-operation and peace was signed in Dacca by India and Bangladesh.
- The Farakka Barrage issue regarding the distribution of Ganga water was settled amicably.
India and Suez Canal.
- In 1956, Nazar, the President of Egypt nationalised Suez Canal.
- France, Britain and Israel opposed it and tried to capture Egypt.
- Due to the timely intervention of India the war was averted and peace was restored.
India and Congo
- In the South African Country, Congo civil war broke out in 1960.
- The taks of bringing peace was given to India by UNO
- India restored peace in Congo by sending peace keeping force under the Brigadier K.A.S.Raja.
India and Cyprus.
- During the civil war in Cyprus between Orthodox Christians and Turkish Muslims, UNO sent its peace keeping force under Timmaia, the Indian Commander in Chief.
- It is due to his hard and firm effort, peace was restored in the island.
Some Important Questions:
1. India is a country with an unbounded faith in____
2. Pt.Jawaharlal Nehru's five principles of peace are named as _______
b. New Deal
c. Pancha Sheel
3. Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was signed in _______
4. Apartheid was abolished in ______
5. The First Secretary General of SAARC was ______
b. Abul Ahsan
c. Kofi Annan
6. India brough a resolution in the UN General Assembly in favour of disarmament in
1. b. Peace
2. c. Pancha Sheel
3. a. 1963
4. a. 1990
5. b. Abul Ahsan
6. b. 1956