United Nations Organisations
There are 193 United Nations (UN) member states, and each of them is a member of the United Nations General Assembly
Origin of U.N.O. and History:
- When the world war II was going on the Allied powers had felt the necessity for forming a United Nations Organisation. The talks were held at Dumbarton Oaks, Washington D.C.from August 21 to October7, 1944, which was finally put to concrete shape by the delegates of 50 Allied Nations assembled at San Francisco from April 26 to June 26, 1945. At this place the representatives of 50 nations signed the United Nations Charter and the United Nations officially came into existence on October 26, 1945, after the Charter has been ratified by a number of countries. This meant the end of the League of Nations.
Non-members: The nations that are non-members of the UNO are Taiwan. Vatican are permanent observers.
Official languages: They are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
Flag of the UN: On the flag is the UN emblem in white superimposed on a light blue ground. The emblem consists of the global map projected from the North Pole and embraced in twin olive branches. (Symbol of Peace).
Objectives: The U.N as an organisation of nations who have voluntarily joined together to work for world peace, the objectives and purposes of the U.N.
1. To maintain peace and security in the world.
2. To develop friendly relations among nations.
3. To work together to remove poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world and to encourage respect for each others rights and freedom.
4. To be a centre for helping the nations to achieve these goals
Charter of the U.N.: The Charter of the U.N contains aims and purposes of organisation. It gives direction to achieve these aims within the rules and regulations, set by U.N. U.N. General Assembly proclaimed the historic declaration of Universa Human Rights on December 10, 1948.
Admission into U.N.O.:
1. A country must get the support of the two-third members of the General Assembly.
2. Country must be peace-loving
3. Country must accept the rules and regulations, aims and objectives of the U.N.O.
4. It is necessary for a new member to get the recommendation of Security Council.
Power of veto:
- If any one of the five permanent members (Russia, USA, China, England and France) casts a negative vote on the resolution, it falls. This is known as ‘Veto’. Every member has got one vote. To pass a resolution, all the five Big Powers Plus two others must cast their votes in favour of the resolution