India - Important Events for All Competitive Exams

BC
  • 3000 Indus Valley Civilization, Mohen-jo-Daro & Harappa
  • 563 Birth of Buddha, founder of Buddhism
  • 326-327 AD Alexander’s invasion of India
  • 1191 First Battle of Tarain (Thaneshwar)
  • 1192 Second Battle of Tarain (Thaneshwar)
  • 1498 Discovery of sea-route to India by Vasco-daGama
  • 1526 First Battle of Panipat
  • 1556 Second Battle of Panipat
  • 1561 Battle of Talikota between Delhi Sultanate and Vijayanagar ruler Ramaraja. Ramaraja was killed.
  • 1600 East India Company established
  • 1757 Battle of Plassey
  • 1760 Battle of Wandiwash. French power ended.
  • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat.
  • 1764 Battle of Buxar.
  • 1853 First Railway line opened in India between Thana and Bombay
  • 1857 First War of Independence (Sepoy Mutiny)
  • 1869 2.10.1869, Birth of Mahatma Gandhi at Porbander
  • 1881 First Census taken
  • 1885 Indian National Congress was founded by A.O. Hume.
  • 1900 Australian Commonwealth proclaimed.
  • 1901 Russian and Britain, agrees of the partition of China.
  • 1902 First partition of Bengal under Lord Curzon.
  • 1906 Foundation of Muslim League.
  • 1909 Minto-Morley Reforms.
  • 1910 Mother Teresa born in Albania.
  • 1911 Delhi becomes the capital - Partition of Bengal revoked - King George V crowned King of the United Kingdom and Emperor or India - First British King and Queen land in Bombay.
  • 1912 Titanic, World's biggest ship, sinks in North Atlantic, Killing 1513 people - The 5th Olympic Games held in Stockholm.
  • 1913 The first Asian, Rabindranath Tagore is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • 1914 World War I declared.
  • 1918 World War I ends.
  • 1919 “Satyagraha Movement” started by Gandhiji. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on 13th April 1919 at Amritsar.
  • 1930 “Civil Disobedience Movement” started by Gandhiji. “Dandi March” by Gandhiji on 6.4.1930. Burma separated from India.
  • 1939 Death of Rabindranath Tagore (The first Indian to win the Nobel Prize for his work “Gitanjali”).
  • 1942 “Quit India Resolution”.
  • 1947 15.8.1947 India attained Independence.
  • 1948 30.1.1948 Assassination of Gandhiji.
  • 1949 26.11.1949 Indian Constitution passed.
  • 1950 26.1.1950 India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic.
  • 1952 Free India holds her First General Elections.
  • 1956 State Reorganisation Act came into force on 1.11.1956.
  • 1957 Decimal system of coinage introduced.
  • 1966 January 4th Indo-Pak Summit, Tashkent Declaration signed on January 10. Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri.
  • 1972 Simla Agreement between India and Pakistan (July 3)
  • 1974 India’s first Satellite "Äryabhatta" launched from Cosmodrome in Soviet Union on April 19.
  • 1975 “Aryabhatta”. Sikkim becomes 22nd State of the Indian Union. State of Emergency declared.
  • 1976 India - China re-establishes diplomatic relations.
  • 1977 Sixth General Elections, Morarji Desai sworn in as the first non-Congress Prime Minister. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy elected Sixth President of India.
  • 1979 “Bhaskara”, India’s second Satellite launched into space. India’s first coalition Government between Janata (S) and the Congress sworn in with Mr. Charan Singh as P.M.
  • 1980 Seventh General Elections held, Indira Gandhi sworn in as Prime Minister.
  • 1982 Giani Zail Singh elected as Seventh President of India. IX Asian Games opened in New Delhi.
  • 1984 Bachendri Pal, first Indian woman to scale the Mount Everest. Mrs. Indira Gandhi assassinated. Rajiv Gandhi becomes the Prime Minister.
  • 1985 Congress completes 100 years.
  • 1987 Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh becomes 23rd and 24th States. Goa becomes 25th State. Mr. R. Venkataraman sworn in as Eleventh President.
  • 1988 M.G.Ramachandran (MGR.) was given Bharat Ratna Award posthumously.
  • 1989 Ninth Lok Sabha constituted. National Front Leader V.P.Singh sworn in as 10th Prime Minister.
  • 1990 Nelson Mandela, leader of the African National Congress was set free after 27 years of imprisonment by the South African Government.- Iraq captured Kuwait.
  • 1991 Tenth Lok Sabha constituted. P.V.Narasimha Rao becomes the Twelfth Prime Minister of India. Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, assassinated at Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu.
  • 1992 India’s First indigenous multi-purpose Satellite “INSAT 2A” was launched successfully from Kourou in French Guyana. - Festival of India was held in China. The disputed Babri Masjid in Ayodhya (UP) was demolished by Kar-sevaks.
  • 1993 The world’s biggest ever trade deal General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was signed on 15th December at Geneva, nearly 117 nations participated.
  • 1994 Sushmita Sen (18) first Indian selected for Miss. Universe held at Manila, Philippines. Brazil won the World Cup Football held at United States, Shoemaker-Levy Comet collided with the Gaseous Planet Jupiter on July 17, 19, 20 & 31.
  • 1995 Jan.26 : Nelson Mandela, was the Chief Guest on the Republic Day celebrations at New Delhi.
  • 1996 Jan. 10-21 : 27th International Film Festival held at New Delhi. July 19 - Aug. 4 : Atlanta Olympics held - India won 1 bronze medal.
  • 1997 Jan 10 : The 28th International Film Festival of India held at Thiruvananthapuram. July 25 : Mr. K. R. Narayan sworn in as 13th President of India. Aug 15 : India celebrates Golden Jubilee of Indian Independence.
  • 1998 Jan 10-20 : The 29th International Film Festival of India held at New Delhi. Jan 26 : India celebrates its 49th Republic Day, Chief Guest : French President Mr. Jacques Chirac. Mar 01 : Bharat Ratna conferred on Dr.A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Mar 19 : Mr.A.B. Vajpayee becomes 16th Prime Minister of India. May 11 : India conducts three Nuclear tests at Pokhran. May 13 : India conducts two more tests at Pokhran.May 28 : Pakistan conducts nuclear atom bomb test. July 12 : France won World Cup-1998.
  • 1999 May 26-July 17 India - Pakistan Kargil War.; Oct.10 : 13th Lok Sabha Elections - Mr.Vajpayee sworn in as Prime Minister.; Dec.5 : Mumbai girl Yukta Mookhey becomes Miss World. - Dec.24- 31 : Indian Airlines(IC-814) hijacked by terrorists and hostages released at Khandhar.
  • 2000 Mar.22 : India's INSAT-3B launched - Aug.28 : President gives his assent to the Bills relating to the creation of the new states of Uttaranchal, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. Sep.30 : Gen.S.Padmanabhan takes over as the new Chief of Army Staff from Gen.V.P. Malik. Dec.24 : Vishwanathan Anand becomes World Chess Champion.

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