Library Science - Key Notes for all Competitive Exams

Library Definition:

  • The word ‘Library’ is derived from the Latin word “libraria” meaning ‘a book place’. It originates from the term ‘liber’ which means ‘a book’.

UNESCO’s Public Library Manifesto

  • UNESCO formulated a Public Library Manifesto for member countries in 1949 and revised it in 1972. Later, in 1994, it prepared the Public Library Manifesto in cooperation with the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). This manifesto is widely accepted by all countries.

Some Examples of Public Libraries

1. Delhi Public Library, Delhi.

2. Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library, Patna.

3. Connemara Public Library, Chennai

4. Anna Centenary Library, Chennai


  • Anticipatory Information Service: The service provided by the libraries in anticipation of the demands from the users.

  • Bibliography: The arrangement of books and audio-visual material in a logical order giving author, title, date, place and publisher, edition, page, etc.

  • Biographical works: They are usually non-fiction personal life description, but fiction can also be used to portray a person’s life.

  • Biography: A biography is a detailed description or account of someone’s life.

  • Inter-Library Loan: It is a service whereby a user of one library can borrow books or receive photocopies of documents that are owned by another library.

  • Mass Media: Medium of communicating with the masses like T.V., Radio, Film, Newspapers, etc.

  • Non-Print Material/Non-book Material/Media Material: Library materials which do not fall within the definition of a book, periodical or pamphlet  and require special handling. Such material comprises audio-visual, photographic, electronic and digital, material.

  • Repository: A place where materials are deposited under special conditions - commonly refers to a location for storage, often for safety or preservation.

  • Reprographic Service: A photocopying service of pages from books or journals available to users in a library.

  • Responsive Information Service: Library services provided on demand when a person either visits the library or requests on phone or through email.

  • State-of-the-Art-Report: A report on the development of a specific subject field or problem by a systematic, exhaustive and critical review of published and non-published material.

  • Technical Report: Is a document that describes the process, progress or results of technical or scientific research or state of a technical or scientific research problem

Five Laws of Library Science

  • Dr. Shiyali Ramamritra Ranganathan (1892-1972) was an inventor, educator, philosopher, mathematician and a universal librarian. He made several significant contributions to the library profession. A fundamental contribution made by him, is the Five Laws of Library Science. He formulated the Five Laws of Library Science in 1928 and published these in his famous book entitled, “Five Laws of Library Science” in 1931. He owes the First Law to Prof. Edward N. Ross, his mathematics teacher, and the other laws were enunciated by Ranganathan himself.

Related Posts

Post a Comment


General Knowledge 902 General Studies 719 Central Govt. Job 309 General Tamil 177 Mock Test 133 PAPER - I 120 Civics 101 Indian Constitutions 91 Library Science Quiz 80 Anna University Jobs 72 Library and Information Science Paper II 71 Librarian Jobs 70 Computer Science Quiz 64 History Quiz 59 General English 56 NEET 2017 Model Questions 53 Geography 45 Library and Information Science 35 Computer Science 34 Computer Science PAPER - III 32 History Paper II 32 6th Tamil 30 Computer Science PAPER - II 22 Library and Information Science Paper III 19 PAPER - II 18 10th Science 17 General Science Mock Test 17 Life Science Quiz 17 6th Standard Science 16 9th Science 14 Nobel Awards 14 CBSC NET 13 History Mock Test 13 PAPER - III 13 Medical Physicist 12 Economics Paper II 10 8th Science 9 7th Tamil 8 Commerce Paper-2 8 Economics Paper III 8 History Paper III 8 NCERT Text Book 8 General Tamil Quiz 7 Home Science Paper II 7 Labour Welfare Paper III 7 8th Tamil 6 Anthropology Paper II 6 Anthropology Paper III 6 Arab Culture and Islamic Studies Paper II 6 Arab Culture and Islamic Studies Paper III 6 Archaeology Paper II 6 Archaeology Paper III 6 Comparative Literature Paper II 6 Comparative Literature Paper III 6 Comparative Study of Religions Paper II 6 Comparative Study of Religions Paper III 6 Criminology Paper II 6 Criminology Paper III 6 Education Paper - II 6 Education Paper - III 6 English Paper - II 6 English Paper - III 6 Environmental Sciences Paper - II 6 Environmental Sciences Paper - III 6 Forensic Science Paper II 6 Forensic Science Paper III 6 Geography Paper II 6 Geography Paper III 6 Home Science Paper III 6 Human Rights and Duties Paper II 6 Human Rights and Duties Paper III 6 Indian Culture Paper - II 6 Indian Culture Paper - III 6 International and Area Studies Paper II 6 International and Area Studies Paper III 6 Labour Welfare Paper II 6 Law Paper - II 6 Law Paper - III 6 Management Paper - II 6 Management Paper - III 6 Mass Communication Paper II 6 Mass Communication Paper III 6 Museology and Conservation Paper II 6 Museology and Conservation Paper III 6 Music Paper II 6 Music Paper III 6 Performing Arts Paper II 6 Performing Arts Paper III 6 Philosophy Paper II 6 Philosophy Paper III 6 Physical Education Paper - II 6 Physical Education Paper - III 6 10th Tamil 5 Commerce Paper-3 5 Folk Literature Paper II 5 Folk Literature Paper III 5 Geography Mock Test 5 Linguistics Paper II 5 Linguistics Paper III 5 7th Science 4 9th Tamil 4 Chemistry 4 Geography Quiz 4 11th Tamil 3 6th Standard History 3 7th Tamil Mock Test 3 9th standard Tamil Quiz 3 CSIR-NET - Chemistry 3 Computer Science Video 2 Mathematics Paper II 2 CSIR-NET - Physics 1 Civil Engineer Mock Test 1 Computer Science Paper II 1 General Knowledge Mock Test 1 Geology 1 Interview Questions 1 January Current Affairs - 2016 1 LIS Questions 1 Library Science Paper II 1 Life Science 1 Life Science Paper II 1 Mathematics Quiz 1
Subscribe Our Posting