UGC NET 2018 July Economics Solved Paper 2 Answer Key

UGC NET 2018 July Economics Solved Paper 2 Answer Key

1. Which of the following will be true for both monopoly and monopolistic competition in the short run ?

(1) Price is greater than marginal revenue.

(2) Price is equal to marginal revenue.

(3) Price is equal to marginal cost.

(4) Price is equal to average cost.

Answer Key: 

2. Consider the following matrix which describes the respective strategies and the corresponding pay-offs of firms A and B operating in a duopoly :

Which of the following statement(s) is/are true for the above game ?

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(a) Firm A has no dominant strategy.

(b) Firm B has a dominant strategy.

(c) The game has a Nash equilibrium.

(d) Neither Firm A nor Firm B has a dominant strategy.

Code :

(1) (a), (c) 

(2) (b), (c) 

(3) (d) Only 

(4) (a), (b) and (c)

Answer Key: 

3. In the context of oligopoly, consider the following statements :

(a) Cournot’s equilibrium is a Nash equilibrium.

(b) Stackelberg equilibrium is a Nash equilibrium.

Select the correct answer from the code given below :

(1) Only (a) 

(2) Only (b)

(3) Both (a) and (b) 

(4) Neither (a) nor (b)

Answer Key: 

4. Match List - I with List - II and point out the correct answer from the codes below :

 List - I                            List - II

(Concept)                           (Economist)

(a) Profit as a dynamic surplus      (i) J. Schumpeter

(b) Profit as reward for innovation  (ii) M. Kalecki

(c) Profit as reward for uncertainty (iii) F.H. Knight bearing

(d) Profit arise due to monopoly power (iv) J.B. Clark enjoyed by the producers

Code :

 (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

(3) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

(4) (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)

5. When the marginal cost is equal to average cost, the slope of the average cost is :

(1) positive 

(2) negative 

(3) zero 

(4) infinite

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6. For the function Q=A ⋅ Kα ⋅ Lβ, which of the following is correct ?

(1) The degree of homogeneity is 1

(2) Elasticity of substitution is equal to α+β

(3) Output elasticity with respect to capital is α

(4) Marginal product of a factor=Average product of the factor

Answer Key: 

7. When an information asymmetry is observed after an agreement is obtained between individuals, it is called :

(1) Signalling 

(2) Moral hazard

(3) None of the above 

(4) Both (1) and (2) above

Answer Key: 

8. In the given diagram, after the price change, the price line shifts from PQ to PQ'. And consumer comes to equilibrium at point B instead of point A. Then what is true for potatoes ?

(1) It is a normal good.

(2) It is an inferior good.

(3) It is a Giffen good.

(4) Nothing can be said about the nature of the good.

Answer Key: 

9. Which amongst the following is a correct description of inverse demand function ?

Where p=price, D=demand and y=income.

10. The first fundamental Theorem of Welfare Economics requires :

(1) that there be an efficient market for every commodity.

(2) that the economy operates at some point on the utility possibility curve.

(3) producers and consumers to be price takers.

(4) All of the above.

Answer Key: 

11. The Theory in which trade cycle is generated due to excess of actual over the desired investment has been given by who amongst the following ?

(1) R.G. Hawtry 

(2) F. Hayek

(3) P. Samuelson 

(4) J. Schumpeter

Answer Key: 

12. Consider the following statements :

(a) ‘Liquidity trap ‘is a situation when people prefer to hold money rather than investing it.

(b) ‘Liquidity preference’ is the situation when people prefer to invest money rather than hold it.

(c) ‘Liquidity crunch’ is a situation of short supply of money in the money market.

(d) ‘Credit crunch’ is a situation of short supply of money in the loan market. Select the correct statements using the code given below :

(1) (a), (b) and (d) 

(2) (a), (c) and (d)

(3) (b), (c) and (d) 

(4) (a), (b) and (c)

Answer Key: 

13. ‘Menu costs’ in relation to inflation refers to :

(1) Cost of revaluing currency.

(2) Cost of altering price lists.

(3) Cost of the maintenance of monetary base.

(4) Cost of finding better rates of return.

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14. According to M. Friedman, Quantity Theory of Money is the theory of :

(1) Value of money 

(2) Price determination

(3) Nominal income 

(4) Demand for money

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15. Gilt - edged market means :

(1) Bullion Market 

(2) Market of pure metals

(3) Market of government securities 

(4) Market of commodities

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16. Which of the following is likely to be most inflationary in its impact ?

(1) Repayment of public debt

(2) Borrowings from the public to finance a budget deficit

(3) Borrowings from banks to finance a budget deficit

(4) Creating new money to finance a budget deficit

Answer Key: 

17. Consider the following statements regarding the Marginal Standing Facility (MSF).

(a) MSF is on the line of the existing LAF and is part of it.

(b) MSF is a costlier route than Repo.

(c) MSF functions as the last resort for Banks to borrow short term funds.

(d) MSF is linked to the net demand and time liabilities of the Banks.

Choose the correct code given below.

(1) (b), (c) and (d) 

(2) (a), (b) and (c)

(3) (a), (c) and (d) 

(4) (a), (b), (c) and (d)

Answer Key: 

18. “The absorption approach” of analyzing balance of payments was formulated by :

(1) M. Friedman 

(2) Marshall and Lerner

(3) Sydney Alexander 

(4) Haberler

Answer Key: 

19. Which amongst the following is not correctly matched with regard to balance of payments account ?

Item Nature

(1) Import of goods and services Debit in current account

(2) Receipt of transfer payments Credit in the current account

(3) Direct investment receipts Credit in the capital account

(4) Portfolio investment redemption Debit in the current account

Answer Key: 

20. Prebisch - singer hypothesis relates to :

(1) Balance of payments problem of developing countries.

(2) Terms of trade of developing countries.

(3) Prevalency of poverty among developing countries.

(4) Inequality of income in developing countries.

Answer Key: 

21. Which of the following statement about the India’s balance of payments is not correct ?

(1) If a foreign citizen deposits some money in a bank in India, the accounts regard this as a credit.

(2) The current account balance shows only the balance for the trade in goods and services combined.

(3) Allowing for errors and omissions, the accounts always balance.

(4) If the country’s reserves of foreign currencies increase then there is a minus sign for this entry.

Answer Key: 

22. Let elasticity of demand for exports for a certain country be ex and elasticity of demand for imports be em. Assume that the country devalues its currency. Its balance of payments will almost certainly show an improvement if :

(1) ex + em > 1 

(2) ex + em < 1

(3) ex + em= 1 

(4) ex = em =1

Answer Key: 

23. Which of the following would cause Rupee to depreciate against U.S. Dollar, other things being equal ?

(1) A rise in interest rates in India.

(2) A fall in incomes in U.S.A.

(3) An expected rise in the external value of rupee.

(4) An increased flow of foreign investment into India.

Answer Key: 

24. According to Mercantilists, trade is a :

(1) Positive sum game 

(2) Infinite sum game

(3) Zero sum game 

(4) Negative sum game

Answer Key: 

25. There is incomplete specialization in production when country faces :

(1) constant opportunity costs 

(2) decreasing opportunity costs

(3) increasing opportunity costs 

(4) indeterminate opportunity costs

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26. Tax buoyancy is expressed as 

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27. Income tax is generally based on the principle of :

(1) Benefit received principle (2) Ability to pay principle

(3) Willingness to pay principle (4) None of these

28. Which method can help in obtaining a welfare improvement if externalities exist ?

(1) Regulation

(2) Assigning property rights and permitting bargaining

(3) Pigovian taxes

(4) All of the above

Answer Key: 

29. Which of the following is a capital receipts in the Government budget ?

(1) Interest receipts on loans given by the Government to other parties.

(2) Dividend and profit of public enterprises.

(3) Borrowings of the government from the public.

(4) Property tax receipts.

Answer Key: 

30. Which amongst the following would be most effective in mitigating the effect of externalities ?

(1) Fiscal policy 

(2) Regulation of monopoly

(3) Active monetary policy 

(4) Freeing the markets

Answer Key: 

31. Maximum social advantage is achieved when :

(1) Total Social Sacrifice=Total Social Benefits

(2) Marginal Social Sacrifice=Marginal Social Benefits

(3) Net Social Sacrifice=Net Social Benefits

(4) Average Social Sacrifice=Average Social Benefits

Answer Key: 

32. Statutory incidence of a tax deals with :

(1) the person(s) legally responsible for paying the tax.

(2) the amount of revenue left over after taxes.

(3) the amount of taxes paid after accounting for inflation

(4) the amount of tax revenue generated after a tax is levied.

Answer Key: 

33. The relationship described by the Expectations - Augmented Phillips curve is correct in which of the following ?

(1) Only in the long run.

(2) Only in the short run.

(3) Both in the short run and in the long run.

(4) Neither in the short run nor in the long run.

Answer Key: 

34. Non Accelerating Inflation Rate of Unemployment (NAIRU) means :

(1) a rate of unemployment for which the change in the rate of inflation is zero.

(2) a rate of inflation which makes the rate of unemployment zero.

(3) a rate of inflation for which the change in the rate of unemployment is zero.

(4) a rate of unemployment which is equal to the rate of inflation.

Answer Key: 

35. New Keynesians use which of the following to explain price and wage stickyness ?

(1) Staggered labour contracts

(2) Menu Costs

(3) Behaviour based on bounded rationality

(4) All of the above

Answer Key: 

36. Consider the following statements :

(a) Effective demand in a market is the demand for a product or service which occurs when purchasers are constrained in a different market.

(b) Notional demand is the demand that occurs when purchasers are not constrained in any market. Which of the above statements is/are correct ? Answer from the code below :

(1) Only (a) is correct 

(2) Only (b) is correct

(3) Both (a) and (b) are correct 

(4) Neither (a) nor (b) is correct

Answer Key: 

37. For the capitalist economy, the primary objective of the New Classical Economics is to explain which of the following ?

(1) Business cycle phenomenon 

(2) Underemployment

(3) Wage - price rigidity 

(4) Effectiveness of Government policy

Answer Key: 

38. Which of the following growth model(s) assume(s) Neutral Technical Progress ?

(1) Harrod model 

(2) Solow model

(3) Both (1) and (2) 

(4) Neither (1) nor (2)

Answer Key: 

39. In an economy, the GDP deflator is found to be 110 for the current year. If the GDP has registered an annual growth rate of 15 percent in the same year, then, the rate of growths of real GDP will be :

(1) 5% 

(2) 1.5% 

(3) 25% 

(4) 2.5%

Answer Key: 

40. What is the nature of equilibrium in the IS - LM model ?

(1) Stock equilibrium 

(2) Flow equilibrium

(3) Stock and flow equilibrium 

(4) Oscillating equilibrium

Answer Key: 

41. If marginal propensity to import is 0.1 and the marginal propensity to consume is 0.7, the value of the income multiplier will be :

(1) 1.25 

(2) 2.33 

(3) 2.5 

(4) 3.33

Answer Key: 

42. According to neo-classical theory of distribution, constancy in the wage share in national income would come about only when the elasticity of factor substitution :

(1) is less than one 

(2) is equal to one

(3) is zero 

(4) is greater than one

Answer Key: 

43. Which amongst the following is not a feature of J.E. Meade’s model ?

(1) Perfect competition prevails.

(2) Economy produces consumption goods and producer goods.

(3) Perfect substitution is possible between consumption and capital goods.

(4) It examines the relationship between the growth rate of population and growth rate of savings.

Answer Key: 

44. Consider the following production function forms with a technical progress term A(t)

Of the above which production function, with labour augmenting technology will keep the distribution of output between labour and capital as constant ? Answer from the code below :

(1) Only (a) 

(2) Both (a) and (b)

(3) Only (c) 

(4) Both (a) and (c)

Answer Key: 

45. Which of the following statements about the AK model (Y=AK) of growth is false ?

(1) This is a part of endogeneous growth theories.

(2) The model assumes that an increase in the physical stock of capital will shift the production function upwards.

(3) The model assumes diminishing returns to capital.

(4) The model suggest that if the level of investment is higher than depreciation, there would be sustained growth.

Answer Key: 

46. Which of the following is not a correct feature for the absolute convergence to hold good ?

(1) Same population growth rate 

(2) Same savings propensity

(3) Same capital - labour ratio 

(4) Different capital - labour ratio

Answer Key: 

47. In Solow’s growth model, the output per capita is a function of :

(1) Labour - Output ratio 

(2) Capital - Output ratio

(3) Technical progress 

(4) Capital - Labour ratio

Answer Key: 

48. Dusenberry was of the opinion that less developed countries will have serious and adverse effect on their balance of payments due to :

(1) demonstration effect 

(2) multiplier effect

(3) backwash effect 

(4) spread effect

Answer Key: 

49. Leibenstein in his critical minimum effort thesis treats population as a factor that is :

(1) Income - generating 

(2) Investment - inducing

(3) Income - depressing 

(4) Market - expanding

Answer Key: 

50. ‘Workers must own the capital to which their savings has given rise.’ This is an important assumption of the growth model, developed by :

(1) L. Pasinetti 

(2) N. Kaldor

(3) R. Solow 

(4) J.E. Meade

Answer Key: 

51. Which one of the following is true for demand side vicious circle of poverty ?

(1) Low income → Low demand → Low investment → Capital deficiency → Low productivity → Low income

(2) Low productivity → Low income → Low savings → Low investment → Capital deficiency

(3) Low income → Low investment → Low demand → Low Capital deficiency

(4) Low demand → Low saving → Low productivity → Low investment → Capital deficiency

Answer Key: 

52. Which of the following is the cause of disequilibrium between warranted rate of growth and actual rate of growth in the Harrod model ?

(1) Discrepancy between Ex-ante investment and Ex-post investment.

(2) Discrepancy between Ex-ante investment and Ex-ante savings.

(3) Discrepancy between Ex-ante savings and Ex-post savings.

(4) Discrepancy between Ex-post investment and Ex-post savings

Answer Key: 

53. Which one of the following committees recommended to establish the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NBARD) in India ?

(1) Narsimham Committee 

(2) Chakravarti Committee

(3) Abhijit Sen Committee

 (4) Shivaraman Committee

Answer Key: 

54. Which of the following option(s) is/are true for National Action Plan for Climate Change ?

(1) It was launched in 2008

(2) It has 8 vertical missions for pollution control.

(3) Both (1) and (2) are true

(4) Neither (1) nor (2) is true

Answer Key: 

55. Which one of the following schemes is not included in the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) ?

(1) National Mission for Protein Supplements

(2) Saffron Mission

(3) Accelerated Fodder Development Programme

(4) All of the above

Answer Key: 

56. Which of the following is portrayed in the population pyramid of a country ?

(1) Rural - urban distribution of population

(2) Young - old distribution of population.

(3) Age and sex distribution of population.

(4) Gender distribution of population.

Answer Key: 

57. In the long period, which one of the following curves would aptly represent the time path of population for a developing economy ?

(1) Exponential curve 

(2) Logistic curve

(3) Lorenz curve 

(4) Hyperbolic curve

Answer Key: 

58. Identify the correct statement about the relationship between total fertility rate and gross reproduction rate.

(1) TFR < GRR 

(2) TFR = GRR

(3) TFR > GRR 

(4) All of the above

Answer Key: 

59. Which of the following is often referred to as the ‘hedonic price’ method for valuing environmental assets ?

(1) Using linkages between variations in-house prices and geographical proximity to an environmental asset.

(2) Using ‘existence value ‘to estimate the value of an environmental asset.

(3) Using travel costs to estimate the value of an environmental asset.

(4) Using ‘willingness to pay’ to value an environmental asset.

Answer Key: 

60. Which of the following is not a scheme for the upliftment of women in India ?

(1) Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao 

(2) Sukanya Samridhi Yojana

(3) Gender Budgeting 

(4) UJALA Scheme

Answer Key: 

61. In the context of doubling of farmers income objective, which of the following is not correct ?

(1) The target year is 2022 - 23.

(2) It is real income which is to be doubled.

(3) Income from cultivation alone is to be doubled.

(4) Diversification of agriculture is to be promoted to achieve this objective.

Answer Key: 

62. Which one of the following statements is correct ?

(1) Global warming is simply another term for greenhouse effect.

(2) Global warming is an entirely natural phenomenon.

(3) Global warming means melting down of glaciers.

(4) Global warming is the rise in average temperature at earth’s surface.

Answer Key: 

63. According to Economic Survey 2017 - 18, the Indian economy is becoming more formalised.

This is indicated by which of the following shifts ? Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(a) The introduction of GST has brought more firms in the indirect tax net.

(b) After demonetisation, a significant increase has taken place in the number of individuals filing income tax returns.

(c) An increase in savings in the formal financial sector.

Code :

(1) (a) and (b) 

(2) Only (c)

(3) (a), (b) and (c) 

(4) (b), (c)

Answer Key: 

64. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Finance Commission in India ?

(a) Finance commission is constituted under Article 275 of the Constitution.

(b) The provision for Grants-in-aids to the states are provided for under Article 280.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct. Choose the correct answer from the codes given below :

(1) Only (a) 

(2) Only (b)

(3) Both (a) and (b) 

(4) Neither (a) nor (b)

Answer Key: 

65. The share of agriculture in the GDP of India has declined over the years. Which of the following is not a correct reason for this ?

(1) Relatively faster rate of growth of non-agricultural sectors in the economy.

(2) Stagnant or slow rise in yield of agriculture commodities.

(3) Educated rural youths are not opting for agriculture as an occupation.

(4) Low value addition in case of agricultural commodities.

Answer Key: 

66. In the last decade, which one among the following sectors has attracted the highest Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow into India ?

(1) Telecommunication sector 

(2) Defence sector

(3) Service sector 

(4) Insurance sector

Answer Key: 

67. In the context of the ‘twin balance sheet problem’ in India, consider the following statements :

(a) Over leveraged corporate debt.

(b) High Non-Performance Assets of nationalised banks.

(c) High fiscal deficit.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(1) (a) and (c) 

(2) (a) and (b) 

(3) (b) and (c) 

(4) (a), (b) and (c)

Answer Key: 

68. In 2016 - 2017 the Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS’s) were restructured by the Government of India. Select the correct statements related to the restructuring, using the codes given below :

(a) The decision of restructuring was taken by the Governing Council of the NITI Aayog.

(b) This will avoid overlaping of expenditure and provide visibility and impact to the CSS’s.

(c) The CSS’s have been classified into flagship and extra flagship categories.

(d) The existing number of the CSS’s is 37.

Code :

(1) (a), (b), (c) and (d) 

(2) (b), (c) and (d)

(3) (a) and (b) 

(4) (a), (b) and (c)

Answer Key: 

69. As per census 2011, rank the following states in descending order of degree of urbanisation.

(a) Tamil Nadu 

(b) Maharashtra 

(c) Goa 

(d) Punjab

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(1) (b), (a), (d), (c) 

(2) (c), (a), (b), (d)

(3) (a), (c), (d), (b) 

(4) (d), (b), (a), (c)

Answer Key: 

70. As on 31st, March 2017, external debt of India was in which of the following range as a percentage of GDP ?

(1) 14 to 16 percent 

(2) 16 to 18 percent

(3) 18 to 20 percent 

(4) 20 to 22 percent

Answer Key: 

71. In relation to considerations of demographic dividend, there appears to be ‘demographic dualism’ exhibited by the Indian states. In this regard consider the following factors :

(a) Total Fertility Rate (b) Sex Ratio (c) Per capita income Of the above, which factor(s) is/are correct. Answer from the codes below 

(1) Only (a) 

(2) Both (a) and (b)

(3) Both (b) and (c) 

(4) Only (b)

Answer Key: 

72. Arrange the following events in the Indian economy in chronological order :

(a) First phase of nationalisation of 14 Banks

(b) Establishment of Narshimhan Committee I on Banking system

(c) Enactment of FEMA Act

(d) Establishment of EXIM Bank of India

Code :

(1) (a), (c), (d), (b) 

(2) (a), (d), (b), (c)

(3) (a), (c), (b), (d) 

(4) (a), (d), (c), (b)

Answer Key: 

73. Which amongst the following pairs is not correctly matched ?

    (Concept)                   (Organization)

(1) Gender Development Index - UNDP

(2) Ease of Doing Business - World Bank

(3) Inclusion Index World - Economic Forum

(4) World Hunger Index - United Nations

Answer Key: 

74. Consider the following diagram which shows the production of a commodity under the condition of increasing cost. If a unit tax is imposed on the commodity, what will be the amount of the burden of the tax on the buyers ?

(1) NL 

(2) LQ 

(3) LR 

(4) RQ

Answer Key: 

75. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true ?

(a) a common resource is rival and non-excludable.

(b) a public good is non-rival and non-excludable.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

(1) Both (a) and (b) 

(2) Only (a)

(3) Only (b) 

(4) Neither (a) and (b)

Answer Key: 

76. Arrange the following books in chronological order of their publication. Select the correct

answer from the codes given below :

(a) The Affluent Society

(b) Asian Drama

(c) The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money

(d) Development as Freedom

Code :

(1) (c), (b), (a), (d) 

(2) (c), (a), (b), (d)

(3) (a), (b), (c), (d) 

(4) (d), (c), (b), (a)

Answer Key: 

77. Market failure can occur because of :

(1) Imperfect competition 

(2) Externalities

(3) Both (1) and (2) 

(4) Neither (1) nor (2)

Answer Key: 

78. Capital gains means :

(1) An increase in the value of an asset.

(2) An increase in the stock of capital.

(3) An increase in the yield of an asset.

(4) An increase in the amount of foreign capital.

Answer Key: 

79. Palma ratio is a measure of :

(1) Inequality of income 

(2) Stock market volatility

(3) Morbidity in a region 

(4) Volatility of crop prices

Answer Key: 

Questions 80 to 84 are Assertion (A) and Reason (R) type. Key to these questions is as follows :

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

80. (A) : In Solow’s growth model under equilibrium conditions capital labour ratio does not


(R) : Substitution between capital and labour is possible.

Answer Key: 

81. (A) : International trade along the lines of comparative advantage improves the allocative efficiency of existing resources.

(R) : International trade is an engine of growth.

Answer Key: 

82. (A) : The production possibility Frontier can be a straight line.

(R) : The factors are not specialised and can be substituted at no extra cost.

Answer Key: 

83. (A) : Devaluation results in expenditure switching in an economy.

(R) : Devaluation alters the composition of the current account of the balance of payments.

Answer Key: 

84. (A) : External forces are of singular importance to economic activities of the developing states.

(R) : Relations between the dominant and dependent states are dynamic to reinforce unequal pattern.

Answer Key: 

85. Given the Demand function of a consumer D=10−2p, the consumer’s surplus at price=2

is :

(1) 2 

(2) 10 

(3) 9 

(4) 15

Answer Key: 

86. Total cost function of a producer is C=10+5Q+2Q2. If price is 15, what is marginal cost of the producer in equilibrium ?

(1) 10 

(2) 5 

(3) 15 

(4) 4

Answer Key: 

87. Which of the following is condition of economic viability and technological feasibility of Leontief’s static system ?

(1) Marshall - Edgeworth conditions

(2) Kuhn - Tucker conditions

(3) Hawkins - Simon conditions

(4) Value of the objective function of primal problem should equal the value of the objective

function of the dual of the primal

Answer Key: 

88. Simplex method of solving Linear Programming problems was developed by :

(1) Koopmans 

(2) Dantzig 

(3) Leontief 

(4) Solow

Answer Key: 

89. A bag contains 5 red, 7 white and 3 green balls. One ball is randomly drawn from the bag. What is the probability that it is green ? 

Answer Key: 

90. If a sample survey of the same 100 households is conducted in a particular village, annually for five years, the data so collected will be described as :

(1) Time Series Data 

(2) Cross-section Data

(3) Panel Data 

(4) Pooled Time Series and Cross-section Data

Answer Key: 

91. If in a distribution mean is 40, mode is 60 and the standard deviation is 10, then the coefficient of skewness will be :

(1) −2 

(2) 2 

(3) −20 

(4) 5

Answer Key: 

.Answer Key: 

93. If a sample of 100 is to be taken from a population of 1000 farmers consisting of marginal small and large farmers, which of the following will be the most appropriate sampling method ?

(1) Simple random sampling 

(2) Cluster sampling

(3) Stratified random sampling 

(4) Systematic sampling

Answer Key: 

94. Which of the following statements are valid concerning a recursive system ?

(a) The parameters can be validly estimated using separate application of OLS to each equation.

(b) The independent variables may be correlated with the error terms in other equations.

Code :

(1) (a) only 

(2) (b) only

(3) Both (a) and (b) 

(4) Neither (a) nor (b)

Answer Key: 

95. Match the following lists and select the correct answer from codes below :

         List - I                         List - II

(a) Contingency Table   (i) Stationarity

(b) Unit root test           (ii) Causality

(c) Fisher’s F test         (iii) χ 2 test

(d) Granger test        (iv) Test of significance of over-all regression

Code :

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

(4) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

Answer Key: 

96. Generalized Least Squares method of estimation will not be suitable for dealing with which of the following problems :

(a) Autocorrelated disturbances 

(b) Heteroscedastic disturbances

(c) Multicollinearity (d) Errors in variables

Code :

(1) (a) only 

(2) (b) only 

(3) (c) and (d) 

(4) (a) and (b)

Answer Key: 

Answer Key: 

98. In the adjacent diagram, Government should fix the price at which of the following points to make monopoly result in a socially optimal outcome ?

Answer Key: 

99. If the producer pays the price for each of the inputs that is used is equal to its value of Marginal product, then which one of the following does he earn ?

(1) Zero supernormal profit 

(2) Monopoly profit

(3) Positive supernormal profit 

(4) Negative supernormal profit

Answer Key: 

100. Which of the following is not correctly matched for Union Budget 2018 - 19, announced on 01.02.2018 ?

                             (As % of GDP)

(1) Fiscal Deficit  -  3.5

(2) Revenue Deficit  -  2.2

(3) Primary Deficit  -  1.2

(4) Effective Revenue Deficit  -  0.3

Answer Key: 

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