Linguistics 2013 September UGC NET Solved Question Paper II

Linguistics 2013 September UGC NET Solved Question Paper II

1. Which of the following is not true?

(A) Writing is crude representation of spoken language

(B) Writing contributes to the standardization of a language

(C) Without writing a language cannot survive

(D) Written form diminishes variations

Answer: (C)

2. Arrange the following items in a sequence of small to larger units and select the correct answer:

(A) Word, morpheme, sentence, phrase

(B) Sentence, word, phrase, morpheme

(C) Morpheme, word, phrase, sentence

(D) Phrase, morpheme, sentence, word

Answer: (C)

3. The book entitled “A Practical Introduction to Phonetics” is written by

(A) J. Laver

(B) J.C. Catford

(C) P. Ladefoged

(D) D. Abercrombie

Answer: (B)

4. A diphthong consists of

(A) Two vowels

(B) Two consonants

(C) A vowel changing in quality

(D) A vowel and a consonant

Answer: (C)

5. From the articulatory point of view the IPA symbol N indicates a

(A) Velar nasal

(B) Uvular nasal

(C) Palatal nasal

(D) Retroflex nasal

Answer: (B)

6. The initial sound of the English word ‘teeth’ is

(A) dental

(B) Retroflex

(C) palato-alveolar

(D) alveolar

Answer: (D)

7. Sounds having open approximation are

(A) Fricatives

(B) Stops

(C) Affricates

(D) resonants

Answer: (D)

8. Assertion I: In stress the laryngeal muscles are active.

Assertion II: In pitch the respiratory muscles are active.


(A) Both (I) and (II) are false

(B) Both (I) and (II) are true

(C) (I) is true and (II) is false

(D) (I) is false and (II) is true

Answer: (A)

9. Neutralisation refers to

(A) Loss of a phoneme in the word final position.

(B) Loss of a consonant word medially.

(C) Loss of distinction between two phonemes in a particular environment.

(D) A process of sounds becoming distinctive

Answer: (C)

10. Consider the plural forms of the English words ‘cat’, ‘dog’ and ‘rose’ and say whether there is the existence of

(A) Phonologically conditioned variation

(B) Free variation

(C) Different morphemes

(D) Morphologically conditioned variation

Answer: (A)

11. The English word ‘me’ is an example of

(A) Empty morpheme

(B) Bound morpheme

(C) Discontinuous morpheme

(D) Portmanteau morpheme

Answer: (D)

12. The ‘–s’ in the English word ‘players’ represents a/an

(A) Inflectional suffix

(B) Derivational suffix

(C) Post-position

(D) circumfix

Answer: (A)

13. Assertion I: The English word ‘sing’ belongs to an open lexical content word class.

Assertion II: The English word ‘sing’ belongs to a closed function word class.


(A) Both (I) and (II) are true.

(B) Both (I) and (II) are false.

(C) (I) is true and (II) is false.

(D) (I) is false and (II) is true.

Answer: (C)

14. The maxims of conversation in cooperative principles are introduced by

(A) Breal

(B) H.P. Grice

(C) Labov

(D) Roger Bell

Answer: (B)

15. Any property or quality connotated by a word, phrase or other symbol, contrasted to actual instances in the real world to which the term applies

(A) Intention

(B) Denotation

(C) Extension

(D) Conception

Answer: (A)

16. Based on the componential analysis identify the conceptual meaning of the word “boy”.

(A) [+ Human], [+ Male], [+Adult]

(B) [+ Human], [– Male], [+Adult]

(C) [+ Human], [+ Male], [–Adult]

(D) [+ Human], [– Male], [–Adult]

Answer: (C)

17. In which work Chomsky has originally introduced the semantically nonsensical sentence “colourless green ideas sleep furiously”?

(A) Logical structures of Linguistic Theory

(B) Current issues in linguistic theory

(C) Aspects of the theory of syntax

(D) Syntactic structures

Answer: (D)

18. Select the correct order of the books according to the year in which they were published.

(i) Semantics

(ii) Structural Semantics

(iii) Semantics Volume II

(iv) Semantic structures

(A) (ii), (iii), (i), (iv)

(B) (ii), (i), (iii), (iv)

(C) (i), (iii), (ii), (iv)

(D) (iv), (i), (ii), (iii)

Answer: (C)

19. What is the presupposition of the following conversation?

(i) John: Are you able to bring Harry along?

(ii) Peter: That will be splendid. On our way, we shall pick up the drinks.

(A) Both John and Peter know who Harry is.

(B) Both have an idea of the drinks

(C) They have the idea from where to bring them.

(D) They do not know Harry exactly.

Answer: (A)

20. Read the following conversation by X and Y.

X: My present situation is more of heaven on Earth.

Y: Indeed, but to think that time changes yesterday is amazing.

What conversational maxim is seemingly violated by X and Y?

(A) Maxim quality

(B) Maxim of manner

(C) Maxim of quantity

(D) Maxim of relation

Answer: (D)

21. Transformational Grammer is the theory of

(A) C.F. Hockett

(B) K.L. Pike

(C) Noam Chomsky

(D) E.A. Nida

Answer: (C)

22. Minimalist programme has ____levels of representation.

(A) One Word

(B) Two Word

(C) Three Word

(D) Four Word

Answer: (A)

23. The participants of the action are called

(A) Predicate

(B) Arguments

(C) Theme

(D) Goal

Answer: (B)

24. Theta theory assigns

(A) Subject

(B) Object

(C) Thematic roles

(D) Verb

Answer: (C)

25. Choose the correct year of publication of the book ‘Aspects of the theory of syntax’.

(A) 1964

(B) 1965

(C) 1957

(D) 1978

Answer: (B)

26. Assertion I: Polysemy refers to cases where a lexeme has more than one meaning.

Assertion II: Chip can mean a piece of wood, a food item or electronic circuit.


(A) (I) is correct, but (II) is wrong.

(B) Both (I) and (II) are wrong.

(C) Both (I) and (II) are correct.

(D) (I) is wrong, but (II) is correct.

Answer: (C)

27. The linguistic convergence between and among typologically distinct languages is known as

(A) Sprachbund

(B) Aryanization

(C) Dravidization

(D) Genetically Related

Answer: (A)

28. The hierarchy of number of speakers recorded for the four dominant families of languages is

(A) Indo Aryan, Dravidian, Austro Asiatic, Tibeto Burman

(B) Indo Aryan, Dravidian, Tibeto Burman, Austro Asiatic

(C) Dravidian, Indo Aryan, Tibeto Burman, Austro Asiatic

(D) Austro Asiatic, Indo Aryan, Dravidian, Tibeto Burman

Answer: (A)

29. The official language of Meghalaya is

(A) War

(B) Mon-Khmer

(C) Khasi

(D) Nicrobarese

Answer: (C)

30. “Nihali” which has some 2000 speakers in the Indian State of Maharashtra is generally regarded as

(A) Creole

(B) Pidgin

(C) Isolate

(D) Artificial

Answer: (C)

31. Match the item in List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                                                List – II

a. Retroflexion                                    i. Brahmi, Garo, Khasi, Assamee

b. Absence of Retroflexion                 ii. Hindi-Urdu, Punjabi, Tamil, Malyalam

c. Aspiration                                        iii. Hindi-Urdu, Punjabi, Marathi

d. Loss of voiced Aspirates                iv. Punjabi


a          b          c          d

(A)       ii          i           iii         iv

(B)       i           ii          iv         iii

(C)       iv         iii         ii          i

(D)       iii         iv         i           ii

Answer: (A)

32. Assertion I: All South Asian languages except a few are verb final languages.

Assertion II: “Khasi” is a verb medial language.


(A) (I) is true and (II) is false.

(B) (I) is false and (II) is true.

(C) Both (I) and (II) are true.

(D) Both (I) and (II) are false.

Answer: (C)

33. The MIA geminates (– cc –) were reduced to single consonant;

(A) With compensatory lengthening of the proceeding vowel, with a few exceptions.

(B) Without compensatory lengthening of the proceeding vowel.

(C) With change of the vowel quality.

(D) Without change of the vowel quality.

Answer: (A)

34. Sound change in which a vowel is fronted under the influence of a following front vowel or glide is known as

(A) Assimilation

(B) Umlaut

(C) Palatalization

(D) Labialization

Answer: (C)

35. Match the items in List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from codes given below:

List – I                        List – II

a. Aphaeresis               i. Loss of one or more sounds from the interior of a word

b. Syncope                  ii. Loss of one or more sounds from the beginning of a word

c. Apocope                  iii. Loss of one or more sound from the end of a word

d. Haplology               iv. Elimination of a syllable when two consecutive identical or similar syllabuses occur.


       a b c d

(A) ii i iii iv

(B) iii ii i iv

(C) iv i ii iii

(D) i ii iii iv

Answer: (A)

36. In a sound change whereby rearranging of sound or syllables in a word or of words in a sentence takes place is known as

(A) Assimilation

(B) Meta thesis

(C) Lenition

(D) Elision

Answer: (B)

37. Match the items in List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                        List – II

a. Lenition                   i. Sound changes that alters consonant making them sonorous

b. Epenthesis               ii. Addition of one or more sounds especially to the interior of a word

c. Elision                     iii. Omission of one or more sound in a word or phrase

d. Assimilation            iv. A phonological process whereby one sound becomes more like a nearby sound


      a b c d

(A) i ii iii iv

(B) iv iii ii i

(C) iii ii i iv

(D) ii i iii iv

Answer: (A)

38. Match the items in List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                                                                        List – II

a. Linguistic change                                                    i. Language planning

b. Language in mind                                                   ii. Ethno linguistics

c. Language in culture                                                 iii. Historical linguistics

d. Conscious and deliberate change of language        iv. Psycho linguistics


       a b c d

(A) iii iv i ii

(B) i iii iv ii

(C) ii iv iii i

(D) iv ii i iii

Answer: (Wrong question)

39. The term sometimes used for the high prestige variety is

(A) Dialect

(B) Acrolect

(C) Basilect

(D) Mesolect

Answer: (B)

40. Assertion (A): Sociolinguistics is the study of language in relation to society and culture.

Reason (R): Communicative competence and ethnography of communication which belong to sociolinguistics are similar notions.


(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.

(B) (A) is true, (R) is false.

(C) (A) is false, (R) is true.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.

Answer: (A)

41. Identify the odd item from the following list:

(A) Lexeme

(B) Word

(C) Morpheme

(D) Diglossia

Answer: (D)

42. The book ‘verbal behaviour’ was written by B.F. Skinner in the year of

(A) 1967

(B) 1957

(C) 1977

(D) 1947

Answer: (B)

43. Match the items in List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                                                List – II

a. Bell R.                                             i. Sociolinguistics, 1974

b. Hudson R.A                                    ii. Sociolinguistics, 1976

c. Pride J.B. and J. Holmes (eds)        iii. Sociolinguistics, 1980

d. Trudgill. P.                                      iv. Sociolinguistics, 1972


      a b c d

(A) i iv ii iii

(B) ii iii iv i

(C) iii ii iv i

(D) iv i ii iii

Answer: (B)

44. Match the items in List – I with those in List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                        List – II

a. Logographic            i. Morpheme/word

b. Alphabetic               ii. Syllable

c. Syllabic                    iii. Sound

d. Pictographic            iv. Picture


       a b c d

(A) ii i iv iii

(B) iv ii i iii

(C) i iii ii iv

(D) iii iv i ii

Answer: (C)

45. A satem language is

(A) Bulgarian

(B) Welsh

(C) Portuguese

(D) Flemish

Answer: (A)

46. When a message engages the addressee directly as illustrated in vocatives, and optatives, it is known as

(A) Conative function

(B) Emotive function

(C) Referential function

(D) Poetic function

Answer: (A)

47. Assertion I: The speech of a single individual is an idiolect.

Assertion II: Any regionally or socially distinct variety of a language is a dialect.


(A) Both (I) and (II) are true.

(B) Both (I) and (II) are false.

(C) (I) is true and (II) is false.

(D) (I) is false and (II) is true.

Answer: (A)

48. Identify the odd one from the following:

(A) Pragmatics

(B) Semantics

(C) Clitics

(D) Semiotics

Answer: (C)

49. Study of the interpretation of sign is

(A) Emotive

(B) Semiotic

(C) Phatic

(D) Conative

Answer: (B)

50. Match the items in List – I with List – II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

List – I                        List – II

a. with him                  i. nominative

b. he                            ii. sociative

c. his                            iii. dative

d. to whom                  iv. genitive


       a b c d

(A) ii iv iii i

(B) iv ii i iii

(C) ii i iv iii

(D) i iii iv ii

Answer: (C)

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