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Important Persons with their Contributions of Library and Information Science


Important Persons with Contributions of Library and Information Science 


  • A. B. Maslow: Proposed Hygienic factors.

  • A Maslow: Hierarchy of need Theory.

  • Alan Pritchard: He for the first time coined the term "Bibliometrics" in a paper titled "Statistical Bibliography or Bibliometrics?"

  • Alireza Noruzi: Applies Ranganathan's Laws to the Web.

  • B. S. Jha: Was the chairman of National Library Committee of India.

  • B.S Kesavan: First Librarian of National Library of India.

  • Beesman : The propounder of the term information transfer.

  • Benjamin A. Custer: The Editor in Chief of 19th Edition of DDC.

  • C. A. Cutter: Invented the Dictionary Catalogue.

  • C. W. Hanson: Divides documentary sources of information into two categories i.e. Primary and Secondary.

  • C.E. Shannon & W. Weaver: Proposed Linear model of communication in knowledge based on Aristotles’ model of communication.

  • Carl Savage: Used the concept “Invisible College” for the first time.

  • Charles Babbage: Designed analytical engine.

  • Charles Babbage: The father of the computer.

  • Conrad Gesner: He is regarded as father of bibliography.

  • D. B. Krishna Rao: First Ph.D. holders in Library Science in India.

  • Denis Grogan: Classifies the documents into three categories, i.e primary, secondary and tertiary.

  • Derek Austin: Developed PRECIS.

  • Douglas Mc Gregor: Developed Theory X and Theory Y.

  • E. B. Ross: Provided casual hint to Dr. S. R. Ranganathan that makes the First law of Library to emerge.

  • E. C. Richardson: Defined notation as shorthand sign.

  • E. J. Coats: Coats Subject Indexing.

  • Elton Mayo: Social Relation of Management.

  • Edgar. F. Codd: Gives the 12 rules for relational database.

  • F. Monbrary Volte: The first editor of “Modern Librarian”

  • F. W. Taylor: The father of Scientific Management.

  • F W Taylor: Scientific Principles of Management.

  • F Herzberg: Develop Motivation Hygienic Approach.

  • Francis Bacon: Said that “some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed and some few to be chewed and digested”.

  • G. Bhattacharya: Developed POPSI.

  • George Boole: Discussed symbolic logic in “Treatise of differential equation”.

  • George Kingsely Zipf: Wrote “Psycho-biology of language: An introduction to dynamic philosophy”.

  • H. Khan and Mann: System analysis has been used first by H. Khan and Mann of RAND Corporation.

  • Haines: Wrote “Living with book”.

  • Henri Fayol: The father of Classical School of Management.

  • Henri La Fontaine: Honoured with ‘Nobel Prize’ for his substantial contribution in Documentation.

  • J. C. M. Hanson: Devised Library of Congress Classification System.

  • J. D. Brown: Enunciated the subject Classification.

  • J. E. L. Farradane: Developed Relational Indexing.

  • James Duff Brown: The pioneer of open access system in British libraries.

  • John Macfarlane: The first librarian of the Imperial Library (now National Library, Kolkata, India).

  • James I. Wyer: Propounded “Conservative, moderate and liberal theories of reference service”.

  • James R. Rettig: Gave the sixth law of library science “Every reader his/her freedom”

  • John Cotton Dana: Started New York Charging system.

  • John S. Mitchell: The Editor in Chief of 23rd Edition of DDC.

  • Kaiser: Give the concept of concretes and processes.

  • Kumudeshar Barthakur: Took leading role for the library movement in Assam (India).

  • Larry Page and Sergey Brain: Developed Google.

  • Larry: Firstly developed Data Flow Diagram (DFD).

  • Luther Gulick: POSDCORB.

  • M. M. Kessler: Advocated Bibliographic coupling for the first time.

  • Melvin Dewey: He for the first time started library school.

  • Paul Otlet: He for the first time used the term ‘Documentation’ in a lecture at the International Congress at Brussels.

  • Luther Gulick: Coined the term “POSDCORB”.

  • M. C. Yovits: Stated that Information is data of value to decision making.

  • M. M. Kessler: Advocated Bibliographic coupling for the first time.

  • Madden, Moon, Moore, Mc Pheron: Stated that “Librarianship is not a profession”.

  • Martimer Taube: Developed UNITERM.

  • Mc Colvin: Stated the demand and supply theory of books.

  • Melvil Dewey: Quoted "To provide the best books to the maximum readers at the least cost".

  • Melville Dewey: Devised DDC system.

  • Melvin J. Voigt: Categorized information need into current approach, everyday approach, and exhaustive approach

  • Michael Gorman: Suggested for Book Order Vigilance Pad (BOVP).

  • Michael Gorman: Wrote “Our Singular Strengths”.

  • Nihar Ranjan Roy: He for the first time in India, DDC and AACR rule introduced.

  • Pascal: Developed Calculating machine.

  • Patricia B. Knapp: Contributed on the systematic use of user's education.

  • Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine: Devised UDC.

  • Peter A. Phyor: Zero Based Budget.

  • Peter F. Drucker: Introduced Management by Objectives (MBO).

  • Peter Drucker: Father of Modern Management.

  • Powell: Stated ”It is a library with little or no physical presence of books, periodicals, reading space or support staff, but are that disseminate disseminate selective information directly to distribute library customers, usually electronically”.

  • R. Astall: Stated “Special libraries serve a specialist clientele, located within a single establishment or group and all engaged in working towards one common purpose.”

  • Richard Matthew Stallman: Founded Free Software Foundation (FSF).

  • S. R. Ranganathan: Stated “A library is a public institution or establishment charged with the care of collection of books, the duty of making them accessible to those who require the use of them and the task of converting every person in its neighborhood into a habitual library goers and reader of books.”

  • S. R. Ranganathan: Quote “Reference service is the contact between the right reader and the right book in the right personal way”.

  • S. R. Ranganathan: Coined the term “Library on Wheels” for mobile libraries.

  • S. R. Ranganathan: Enunciated the five fundamental categories.

  • S. R. Ranganathan: Classified documentary sources of information into Conventional, Neo Conventional, Non Conventional and Meta Document.

  • S. R. Ranganathan: First professionally qualified university librarian in India.

  • S. R. Ranganathan: Introduced Three card system- (i) Register Card, (ii) Check Card, and (iii) Classified Index Card.

  • S. R. Ranganathan: He for the first time used the term prenatal cataloguing.

  • S. Halkett & J. Laing: The author of “Dictionary of anonymous and pseudonymous literature”.

  • Samuel Clement Bradford: Bradfords Law of Information.

  • Samuel Rothstein: Given the Minimal, Middling and Maximum theories of reference service.

  • Sam Pitroda: Was the Chairman of the National Knowledge Commission, Govt. of India.

  • Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III: Made first time efforts for the development of libraries in India.

  • Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan: Classified documentary sources of information into Conventional, Neo Conventional, Non Conventional and Meta Document.

  • Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan: Developed Colon Classification System.

  • Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan: Father of Library science in India.

  • Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan: Formulated Ready and Long range Reference service.

  • Siyaji Rao Gaikwad: The ruler of Baroda state (India).

  • Shannon and Weaver: Proposed Mathematical Theory of Information.

  • T. S. Eliot: Stated “Where is the Wisdom, We Lost in Knowledge...”

  • Ted Nelson: Coined the term Hyper Text.

  • Tim Berner's Lee: He firstly designed the World Wide Web (WWW).

  • William Gibson: Used the term ‘Cyberspace’ for the first time.

  • William Allenson Borden: The disciple of Melvil Dewey who worked in India.



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