Geography - Objective Question and Answer ( Answer Key Marked in RED )

1.  What locational advantage does India possess for International trade?
(A) Central location in the Eastern hemisphere
(B) Location in the middle of the developing countries
(C) Location at the sourthern end of Asia
(D) Location on the east-west oceanic route through the Suez Canal

2.  The longest dam is—
(A) Aswan
(B) Hirakud 
(C) Gorky
(D) Mangla

3. Irrigation is necessary for areas receiving rainfall—
(A) Less than 200 cm.
(B) Less than 75 cm.
(C) Less than 125 cm.
(D) At uncertain times

4. The reason for the necessity of irrigation in India is that—
(A) There is no rainfall at the time of need 
(B) Indian crops require much water
(C) Indian farmers are in habit of watering the fields
(D) India is a hot country so water is easily evaporated

5. Which one of the following sources of irrigation in India is not suitable?
(A) Canals
(B) Karez
(C) Wells
(D) Tanks

6. In which of the following states of India, tank irrigation is most suitable?
(A) Tamil Nadu
(B) Punjab
(C) Uttar Pradesh 
(D) Bihar

7.. Which of the following groups of countries is arranged in descending order of area?
(A) Russia, Canada, China, U.S.A.
(B) Russia, U.S.A. Canada, China
(C) Russia, Canada, U.S.A., China
(D) Russia, China, U.S.A., Canada

8. Which of the following Industrial Regions of USA is located mainly on the basis of hydroelectric power?
(A) The New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore region
(B) The Southern New England Region
(C) The Southern Lake Michigan Region 
(D) The Detroit Region

9. What should India increase in order to become one of the most prosperous countries of the world?
(A) Food production
(B) Industrial production
(C) Population
(D) Trade

10. Water power potential of India is great, but it has not been developed to its full extent. The major deterrent being that—
(A) Coal is available in plenty therefore it is not necessary to develop water power
(B) Raw materials required for the production of electric transformers are not available in India
(C) Rainfall is seasonal and as such requires costly storage reservoirs
(D) Lack of technical skill hinders the development of water power

11. Which of the following regions has almost prevalent types of natural vegetation in India?
(A) The Himalaya mountain
(B) The Deccan Plateau
(C) The Ganga plain
(D) The Coastal plains

12. For which of the following manufacturing industries does India have the most natural resources?
(A) Glass Synthetic rubber
(B) Synthetic rubber
(C) Iron and Steel
(D) Aluminium

13. Which is the largest man-made lake in India?
(A) Chilka
(B) Dal
(C) Sambhar
(D) Bhakra

14. Where is the Gol Dumoaz located?
(A) Andhra Pradesh 
(B) Maharashtra
(C) Kamataka
(D) Gujarat

15.. Gulmarg is a hill station in__
(A) Himachal Pradesh
(B) Jammu and Kashmir
(C) Maharashtra
(D) Tamil Nadu

16. The largest producer of cashew nut in India is__
(A) Kerala 
(B) Gujarat 
(C) Orissa
(D) Tamil Nadu
Ans : (A)

17. Lal Bahadur National Academy of Administration is situated in __
(A) Pune
(B) Kolkata
(C) Dehradun
(D) Mussoorie

18. In what state is 'Rana Pratap Sagar' atomic power plant located?
(A) Haryana
(B) Gujarat 
(C) Rajasthan
(D) Karnataka

19. Which state in India is the largest producer of Saffron?
(A) Jammu and Kashmir
(B) Sikkim
(C) Himachal Pradesh
(D) Gujarat

20. Where is oil and Natural Gas Commission located?
(A) Haldia
(B) Dehradun
(C) Ankleshwar
(D) Cambay

21. Which of the following is situated at Agra ? 
(A) Paratroopers Training College
(B) National Police Academy
(C) Central Tractor Organisation
(D) Air Force Flying College

22. The prevailing winds blowing from 30° S and 30° N towards the equator are termed as—
(A) Monsoon winds 
(B) Antitrade winds
(C) Trade winds
(D) Polar winds

23. One of the characteristics of India's population is lesser number of women compared to men. Which one of the following explains this phenomenon?
(A) Excess males at birth
(B) Lower social status of women 
(C) Neglect of females in childhood 
(D) High maternity mortality

24. The basic unit of settlement recurring throughout India is the village. Which of the following criteria is largely responsible for the selection of village sites?
(A) Behavioural patterns of the community 
(B) Availability of flat land
(C) Essential resources like water and fuel 
(D) Fuel resources and building materials

25. Which one of the following factors accounts largely for the dispersal of cotton textile industry from its original location around Bombay?
(A) The development of transportation, especially railways
(B) Extreme congestion in Mumbai and lack of space
(C) The development of hydro-electric power 
(D) Improved technology

26. The main cause for Uttar Pradesh becoming the most important agricultural state of India is—
(A) Good cultivators
(B) Good climate
(C) Large market
(D) Extensive fertile plain

27. What is Isthmus?
(A) The mouth of a river where it joins the sea
(B) A narrow strip of sea dividing two oceans
(C) A narrow strip of land joining two seas or oceans
(D) A piece of projected land

28. The present day search for fuels alternative to petroleum, is due mainly to—
(A) Iran-Iraq war
(B) Strained relations between Israel and Middle East countries
(C) Highly increased cost of petroleum
(D) Increase in the consumption of petroleum

29. What is the population density of a District which has 50 Lakh people and 25 thousand square kilometres area?
(A) 50 persons per sq. km.
(B) 100 persons per sq. km. 
(C) 150 persons per sq. km. 
(D) 200 persons per sq. km.

30. The Savana type of climate is characterized by__
(A) Humid summers and humid winters 
(B) Humid summers and dry winters
(C) Humid winters and dry summers
(D) Humid throughout the year

31. What would happen to types of rainfall if the earth's surface becomes all plain?
(A) No cyclonic rainfall
(B) No orographic rainfall
(C) No convectional rainfall
(D) No frontal rainfall

32. Which of the following countries possesses a strong natural resource base for iron and steel industry ?
(A) Russia 
(B) Pakistan 
(C) Japan
(D) Bangladesh

33. Which of the following phenomena causes the shape of the Earth ?
(A) Internal structure
(B) Atmospheric pressure
(C) Rotation
(D) Revolution

34. Which of the following is the location of a point on the globe that is antipodal to 65° North Latitude and 30° East Longitude?
(A) 65° North Lat., 30° West Long
(B) 30° South Lat., 65° East Long
(C) 65° South Lat., 150° West Long
(D) 30° North Lat., 65° West Long

35. The surface of the earth is still irregular inspite of millions of years of gradation, because—
(A) Gradation is a slow process
(B) Gradation does not reduce irregularities 
(C) Deposition of material re-elevates the land
(D) Parts of the crust have been uplifted

36. What would result if the sedimentary deposit of the Ganga Plain is compressed between the Himalayas and the Deccan Plateau and then uplifted?
(A) Block mountain 
(B) Fold mountain 
(C) Rift valley
(D) Volcanic plateau

37. The maximum risk to air travel is from—
(A) Clouds
(B) Rainfall
(C) Fogs
(D) Strong winds

38. Which one of the following countries is the largest producer of rice in the world?
(A) China
(B) Japan
(C) Philippines
(D) Bangladesh

39. What would happen to ocean water if the moon comes nearer to the earth ?
(A) Fall of temperature
(B) Stopping of ocean currents
(C) Rise of sea level
(D) Increase in height of oceanic tides

40. The line joining places of equal atmospheric pressure is termed—
(A) Contour
(B) Isohyet
(C) Isotherm
(D) Isobar

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