TNPSC: Important Commission and Functionaries (Short Notes for all competitive Exams)

TNPSC: Commission and Functionaries (Short Notes for all competitive Exams)
1. The Election Commission
2. Comptroller and Auditor General of India
3. Finance Commission
4. Union Public Service Commision

1. The Election Commission
The Election commission as an autonomous, Quasi-junidicial and a constitutional body, was established for purposes of fair and free elections set up on January 2, 1950 under article 324 of the Constitution.
  • It was a one person institution until 1989, then was designated as the Chief Election Commissioner
  • In the year 1989 two additional members were appointed the election commission a three-official body.
  • In January 1990 the two were relieved of their duties as Election Commissioners
  • The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioners and the other two Election Commissioers under Article 324.
  • The Chief Election Commissioners have a term of 6 years or upto the age of 65 which ever is earlier.
  • The Chief Election Commissioners status is equivalent to that the Judge of Supreme Court.
  • The Chief Election Commissioners can be removed on grounds like that of the judge of the Supreme Court and the other Election Commissioners can be removed on the recommendations of the Cheif Election Commissioner under Article 324 (5)
2. Comptroller and Auditor General of India 
  • He is appointed by the President for a period of 6 years or remains in office till age of 65 years which ever is earlier. 
  • He may be removed from his office on the same grounds as that a judge of the Supreme Court
  • Article 148(1) states that there shall be a Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (CAG)
3. Finance Commission
  • The Constitution of India provides for, under Article 280.
  • The establishment of a Finance Commission for purpose of allocation of certain sources of revenue between the Union and the State Government.
  • Under Finance Commission (Micellaneous Provisions) Act, 1951, the powers and functions of the Commission are usually regulated.
  • The Finance Commission is appointed every 5 years.
  • The 14th Finance Commission has been set up under the former Reserve Bank of India Governor, Y.V.Reddy for 2015 to 2020.
4. Union Public Service Commision.
  • Under Article 315 of the Constitution there is provision for a Public Service Commision for union and a Public Service Commission for each state
  • The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) consist of chairman and such other members as the president may determine under Article 318
  • He is appointed by the President for a period of 6 years or remains in office till age of 65 years which ever is earlier. 

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